Following line are quoted from the book Secrets of Mental Math by Arthur Benjamin and Michael Shermer.
To double-check your answer another way, you can use the method known as casting out elevens. It’s similar to casting out nines, except you reduce the numbers by alternately subtracting and adding the digits from right to left, ignoring any decimal point. If the result is negative, then add eleven to it. (It may be tempting to do the addition and subtraction from left to right, as you do with mod sums, but in this case you must do it from right to left for it to work.) For example:
How can we explain why this method works?