# definition of stochastic process on countable space

I found the following definition of stochastic process: A stochastic process on a countable state space V is a sequence of random variables $(S_n)_{n \in \mathbb{N}}$ taking values in V and defined on a probability space $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, P)$.

Why is in this definition the $\sigma$-algebra associated to $V$ omitted? In order $S_n$ to be a random variable, then shouldn't $V$ be a measurable space? What would be the $\sigma$-algebra then?

For a countable set $V$, the typical way to make it into a measurable space is to equip it with the discrete $\sigma$-algebra, i.e. its power set $2^V$, so that every subset of $V$ is measurable.
So most people would consider this the "default" $\sigma$-algebra for a countable set; if no $\sigma$-algebra is explicitly stated, then you are almost certainly meant to assume $2^V$. Similarly, if someone talks about $\mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{R}^n$ in a context where a measurable space is wanted, you should normally assume that they mean to use the Borel $\sigma$-algebra.