# completeness and the Baire category theorem

I am studying the baire category theorem and trying to find a counterexample. This theorem says that a non-empty complete metric space can not be the countable union of nowhere-dense closed subsets

In particular, i'm trying to find a normed space that is the union of countably many closed nowhere-dense subsets. Obviously this means this set cannot be complete.

• How about $\mathbb Q = \bigcup_{q \in \mathbb Q} \{q\}$? – Stefan Mesken Feb 15 '16 at 18:26
• @Stefan what norm would we be using there? – Sertii Feb 15 '16 at 18:29
• @user156715: Ordinary absolute value. But note that the field in question is $\Bbb Q$, not $\Bbb R$ or $\Bbb C$. – Brian M. Scott Feb 15 '16 at 18:31
• Yes, I considered $\mathbb Q$ as a normed $\mathbb Q$-vector space - if that's what you were asking. – Stefan Mesken Feb 15 '16 at 18:31
• @BrianM.Scott do you know of an example where the field is R or C? – Sertii Feb 15 '16 at 18:32

For $n\in\Bbb Z^+$ let
$$A_n=\{f\in C[0,1]:|f(x)|\le n\text{ for all }x\in[0,1]\}\;,$$
and give $C[0,1]$ the $L^1$ norm.
Any normed vector space having countable dimension (over $\mathbb{C}$, for instance) will do. The finite-dimensional subspaces are closed and nowhere dense.