# What is the property of addition called when you break 97 into 100 - 3?

Sometimes it's easier to add numbers when you recognise that they're close to some round number, and then add the differences separately.

$$97+198$$

$$=(100-3)+(200-2)$$

$$=(100+200)+(-3-2)$$

$$=300-5$$

$$=295$$

What is this property of addition called? I have found "commutative" but I'm not sure that this is the right word.

You are exploiting both the commutitative law $a + b = b + a$ and the associative law $a + (b + c) = (a + b) + c$