I am studying differential geometry and topology by myself. Not being a math major person and do not have rigorous background in analysis, manifolds, etc. I have background in intermediate linear algebra and multivariate calculus. To embark on the study, I delved into stackexchange past answers and other websites.
- Teaching myself differential topology and differential geometry : expounds many good references
- Introductory texts on manifolds
- recommending books for intro to diff. geometry
- Reference for Topology and Geometry
- Good introductory book on Calculus on Manifolds : This answer suggests a 'gentle' book - Topology Without Tears. It seems a good book, however, this book does not cover everything what I am looking for (and certain prerequisites as well).
From these questions and their answers, I found that Milnor's Topology from a Differentiable Viewpoint, Lee's Introduction to Smooth Manifolds, Tu's An Introduction to Manifolds should work for self-study. I am not looking for a theorem and proof style book, but rather getting concepts such as topology, manifold, Lie groups, moving frames, etc.
When I start reading even the introductory chapters from books, I find that many books simply assume that the reader would already know concepts as homomorphism, isomorphism, wedge product, cotangent space, etc. This assumption is not true for many readers (like I). As a result, it is not possible to move ahead without knowing these stuff.
I further found that there is a large amount of literature devoted to these topics. I found, a branch of mathematics, abstract algebra, deals with homomorphism and other listed topics. Learning everything is a daunted task, in fact, only some portion might be needed for my purpose.
Differential geometry and topology have diverse applications and many people, who are from in different areas of sciences and who are not pure mathematicians, may need to learn these areas. Can someone suggest a 'self contained' introductory book that will sufficiently cover the subject-matter? If such book is not there, can someone mention references that will (quickly and with sufficient depth) cover the assumed prerequisites for learning topology and differential geometry (homomorphism, isomorphism, wedge product, cotangent space, etc.)? So that one does not have to entirely learn abstract algebra, which looks hard method.
Inputs are very much appreciated!
Edit: I believe that this is not a "personal advice" question as the links provided in the question are still valid questions and they belong to category "reference request."