# Supremum and Infimum of set

I just got the set and Ι tried to find the supremum and infimum and prove it. $$(x-2)\sqrt{\frac{x+1}{x-1}} \quad \text{ for } \quad 2< x\leq 54$$

I succeed to get to this set $\frac{x-2}{x-1}\sqrt{x^{2}-1}$ but I'm stuck.

What can I do now ? Thanks.

Hint: Let $f(x)=\frac{x-2}{x-1}\sqrt{x^2-1}$ and calculate the derivative of $f$ to check that this function is (strictly) increasing for $2<x\le 54$. Moreover, as $x \to 2^+$ this function is continuous.
• How can i find its increasing without calculate the derivative of $f$ ?
On one hand, since $x>2$ we have $$(x-2)\sqrt{\frac{x+1}{x-1}}>0.$$ On the other hand $$\lim_{x\rightarrow 2^+}(x-2)\sqrt{\frac{x+1}{x-1}}=0.$$ Hence $$\inf_{2<x\leq 54}(x-2)\sqrt{\frac{x+1}{x-1}}=0.$$ Since $2<x\leq 54$ $$(x-2)\sqrt{\frac{x+1}{x-1}}=\frac{x-2}{x-1}\sqrt{x^2-1}=\left(1-\frac{1}{x-1}\right)\sqrt{x^2-1}\leq \left(1-\frac{1}{54-1}\right)\sqrt{54^2-1}.$$ Hence $$\sup_{2<x\leq 54}(x-2)\sqrt{\frac{x+1}{x-1}}=\max_{2<x\leq 54}(x-2)\sqrt{\frac{x+1}{x-1}}=\left(1-\frac{1}{54-1}\right)\sqrt{54^2-1}.$$