What is the area of the triangle formed by the lines $x+y=3$ and angle bisectors of pair of straight lines $x^2-y^2+2y=1$ . I found the intersection point of these equations $(1,2)$ but not getting any idea of how to find the area . Any way to solve this problem. Thanks!

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    $\begingroup$ By writing the pair of straight lines as $x^2 = y^2 -2y +1 = (y-1)^2$, find the equations of the two lines. It should then be easier to find the equations of the angle bisectors. $\endgroup$ – Nicholas Nov 14 '15 at 7:22
  • $\begingroup$ ?? "the lines x+y=3" ..."angle bisectors (plural) of pair (one pair) of lines" $\endgroup$ – DanielWainfleet Nov 14 '15 at 9:04
  • $\begingroup$ Yes on first reading i was also amazed i cant find a way to do this $\endgroup$ – Archis Welankar Nov 14 '15 at 9:14

First, observe that just like @Nicholas said, the equation $\,x^2-y^2+2y=1\,$ defines two lines:

\begin{align} x^2-y^2+2y=1 \iff x^2 = (y-1)^2 \implies \begin{cases} l_1: & y = x + 1 \\ l_2: & y = -x + 1 \end{cases} \end{align}

The slope of the first one is $\,\dfrac{\pi}{4} = 45º,\,$ and for the second one the slope is $\,\dfrac{3\pi}{4} = 135º,\,$ i.e. they are perpendicular.

Equations of bisecting lines can be found by adding and subtracting equations of original lines:

\begin{align} \begin{cases}b_1:&x=0\\b_2:&y=1\end{cases} \end{align}

Points of intersection of these lines with each other and with the line $\,l_0: \ \; y = 3-x\,$ are

\begin{align} A & := l_0 \cap b_1 &\iff& &&\begin{cases}y = 3-x\\ x = 0\end{cases} &\implies&& A &= \big(\,0,\,3\,\big) \\ B & := b_1 \cap b_2 &\iff& &&\begin{cases}x = 0\\y=1\end{cases} &\implies&& B &= \big(\,0,\,1\,\big) \\ C & := l_0 \cap b_1 &\iff& &&\begin{cases}y = 3-x\\ y=1\end{cases} &\implies&& C &= \big(\,2,\,1\,\big) \\ \end{align} Observe that $\;b_1\perp b_2\;$ so that $\;\triangle\, ABC\;$ is right triangle. Therefore the area $\,S\,$ of $\;\triangle\, ABC\;$ is just a half of product of legs $\, AB\,$ and $\,BC\,$: \begin{align} S_{\triangle ABC} = \dfrac{1}{2}\,\big\|\left(0,\,1\right) - \left(0,\,3\right)\big\|\, \big\|\left(2,\,1\right) - \left(0,\,1\right)\big\| = 2 \end{align} enter image description here

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  • $\begingroup$ BTW what software was used to produce the picture? $\endgroup$ – Martin Sleziak Nov 29 '15 at 12:05
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    $\begingroup$ @MartinSleziak GeoGebra $\endgroup$ – Vlad Nov 30 '15 at 0:24

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