$a_{2n}=-\sqrt{2n}$; $a_{2n+1}$=$\sqrt{2n+1}-\sqrt{2n}$

Lower limit and infimum both negative infinity as $-\sqrt{2n}$ gets arbitrarily small.

Upper limit = zero ($a_{2n+1}$ goes to zero as $n-> \infty$), supremum = 1 (obtained for n = 0)

Is it right to my procedure?

Is there a more formal method?

  • $\begingroup$ The supremum is not at $n=0$. The sup of the sequence $(a_m)$ is reached at $m=1$. (Just a technicality!) For showing the upper limit, it would be more formally clear if you multiplied top and (missing) bottom by $\sqrt{2n+1}+\sqrt{2n}$. $\endgroup$ – André Nicolas May 26 '12 at 17:43

The supremum is a maximum and, as André said, it is obtained at $\,m=1\,:\,\,a_1=\sqrt{3}-\sqrt{2}\,$ , since the function $\,f(x):=\sqrt{2x+1}-\sqrt{2x}\,$ is monotone descending.

The infimum certainly is $\,-\infty\,$, as $\,-\sqrt{2n}\to -\infty\,$ , and since this is also the limit of a subseq. of the seq. this is also the $\,\displaystyle{\underline{\lim}_{n\to\infty}a_n}\,$ .

Finally, $\,\displaystyle{\overline{\lim_{n\to\infty}}a_n=\lim_{n\to\infty}\left(\sqrt{2n+1}-\sqrt{2n}\right)}=\lim_{n\to\infty}\frac{1}{\sqrt{2n+1}+\sqrt{2n}}=0$

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  • $\begingroup$ Why you can not take the succession from n = 0? $\endgroup$ – Daniela del Carmen May 26 '12 at 18:52
  • $\begingroup$ Of course you can, but that won't change the basic facts. Besides, sequences are usually indexed by the naturals which usually are considered to begin (at least wrt sequences) at 1... $\endgroup$ – DonAntonio May 26 '12 at 18:55
  • $\begingroup$ @DonAntonio: Sequences are indexed from whatever point is convenient, and I’m not at all sure that $1$ is a more common starting point that $0$. The term natural number is ambiguous: for many of us it means the set of non-negative integers, not the set of positive integers. $\endgroup$ – Brian M. Scott May 26 '12 at 19:05
  • $\begingroup$ Because the book says that the sup = 1 $\endgroup$ – Daniela del Carmen May 26 '12 at 19:07
  • $\begingroup$ @Daniela Oh, I see...well, then yes: begin from $\,n=0\,$...:) $\endgroup$ – DonAntonio May 26 '12 at 19:09

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