Recently I've had some questions about cardinality and the real numbers:
For any infinite subset $S \subseteq \mathbb R$ , can we find a set $H$ such that $S \subseteq H \subseteq \mathbb R$ , such that $H$ is closed under addition, and $|H| = |S|$ ? Can we require $H$ to be closed under multiplication as well and still have this result?
I have no experience in these sorts of problems, but I have a feeling these statements are true. Could results like this be generalized to apply to infinite subsets of an arbitrary set closed under some (possibly infinite) set of binary operations? Thanks a lot!