Can anyone show me why this graph is nonplanar (which Mathematica assures me to be the case) ?

A nonplanar graph

The graph passes the simple test $e \leq 3v - 6$.

I have tried and failed to find subgraphs isomorphic to subdivisions of $K_{3,3}$ or $K_5$.

The subgraph arising from deleting the right-most vertex and its adjacent edges is also nonplanar. In that subgraph, since only 3 vertices have degree 4, I suppose we cannot find a subdivision of $K_5$, so there must be a subdivision of $K_{3,3}$, but I cannot see it.

  • 2
    $\begingroup$ Let try with contracting edges. "A finite graph is planar if and only if it does not have K5 or K3,3 as a minor." $\endgroup$
    – GAVD
    Oct 12, 2015 at 10:17

1 Answer 1


You can find $K_5$ in your graph, here it is:


I hope this helps $\ddot\smile$

  • $\begingroup$ Thank you very much @GAVD and dtldarek ! dtldarek, may I ask how you proceeded ? Just by eyeballing it ?!?! Also how did you draw your lovely picture ? $\endgroup$
    – Simon
    Oct 12, 2015 at 10:22
  • 5
    $\begingroup$ For simple graphs it is quite easy to see (e.g. by eyeballing) if a graph is planar when it is planar. Thus, I tried to remove edges one by one without breaking non-planarity. While doing that I observed that the graph of crucial edges was not bipartite, so that ruled out $K_{3,3}$. After that, I started with 5 colors in 5 almost random vertices and colored their neighbors to form $K_5$. The diagram was done in Inksacpe. $\endgroup$
    – dtldarek
    Oct 12, 2015 at 10:30
  • $\begingroup$ That's brilliant, thank you dtldarek ! $\endgroup$
    – Simon
    Oct 12, 2015 at 10:33

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