I got stuck on the problem about quotient space from General Topology of Stephen Williard. Here is the problem:
Let $\sim$ be the equivalence relation $x \sim y$ iff $x$ and $y$ are diametrically opposite, on $S^1$. Which topology is the quotient space $S^1/\sim$ homeomorphic to?
I tried to build a continuous function $S^1$ such that 2 points which are diametrically have the same images, but I couldn't find it. For each point in $S^1$, we can write it as $(\cos(\phi), \sin(\phi))$, then what is the function which satisfies the previous requirement. Can anyone help me with this? I really appreciate.