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I know that mathematics has applications in Biology, and in fact in everywhere, I am curious to know is it happened that a Biological concept comes to help math? I don't mean Biological names be chosen for a mathematical concept like Amoeba! I mean we get an idea to solve or do something or the math question be solved by a Biological method.

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    $\begingroup$ Maybe neural networks, which were loosely inspired by the brain. Another example might be evolutionary algorithms. $\endgroup$ – littleO Oct 2 '15 at 16:55
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    $\begingroup$ Evolutionary algorithms would maybe be considered an application to math (or computer science). $\endgroup$ – Ben Sheller Oct 2 '15 at 16:57
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    $\begingroup$ There have been experiments using DNA strands to solve computational problems such as the "Travelling Salesman" (Hamilton path) problem.The idea is that if enough strands are allowed to mix together and link up, then some of the linkages will have the right mass to represent solutions to the problem .They can be separated from the rest by centrifuge. The goal is to solve computationally complex problems by brute force trial-and-error using molecular collisions as the trials. I dk how far this has gone except that it worked in a very simple test case. $\endgroup$ – DanielWainfleet Oct 2 '15 at 17:08
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    $\begingroup$ @user254665 is it a kind of randomized algorithm? $\endgroup$ – H.W. Oct 3 '15 at 9:30
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    $\begingroup$ @littleO May you give me an easy link, references for those two things you mentioned? $\endgroup$ – H.W. Oct 3 '15 at 9:31
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As I know there are methods in coding theory that are using Genetic Algorithm which has taken a pattern from actions between genes such as mutation, recombination and resamplaing. I will find a reference and will put it here for you.

You can look at my answer at this link.

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