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I don't conceive how to evaluate the improper integral: $$ \int_{1}^{\infty}\frac{\sin x}{\sqrt{x-1}}dx. $$

When this converges, I'm glad if you give the value of this integral.

Thank you.

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We have: $$ I = \int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\sin(x+1)}{\sqrt{x}}\,dx = \sin(1)\int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\cos(x)}{\sqrt{x}}\,dx+\cos(1)\int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\sin(x)}{\sqrt{x}}\,dx \tag{1}$$ and through a change of variable we get the Fresnel integrals: $$ \int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\cos(x)}{\sqrt{x}}=2\int_{0}^{+\infty}\cos(x^2)\,dx=\sqrt{\frac{\pi}{2}},$$ $$ \int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\sin(x)}{\sqrt{x}}=2\int_{0}^{+\infty}\sin(x^2)\,dx=\sqrt{\frac{\pi}{2}},\tag{2}$$ hence: $$ I = \left(\sin(1)+\cos(1)\right)\sqrt{\frac{\pi}{2}}.\tag{3} $$

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  • $\begingroup$ I haven't known the Fresnel integral. Thank you! $\endgroup$ – user Sep 23 '15 at 11:35
  • $\begingroup$ @P.Mike: Fresnel integrals are related to the Gaussian integral by way of Euler's formula. $\endgroup$ – Lucian Sep 24 '15 at 3:35
  • $\begingroup$ @LucianThak you for giving nice information! I'll check later. $\endgroup$ – user Sep 24 '15 at 3:58

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