# Ratios - Determining proportions/quantities

x : y = 8:5

Say I subtract a value of 400 from x and 300 from y, so that:

x-400 : y-300 = 8:3

How do I determine the value of x and y?

You cross multiply the ratios to get $5x=8y, 3(x-400)=8(y-300)$. Now solve the first equation for one of the variables, plug that into the second and you have one equation in one variable. In this case it will be linear.