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For a given tetrahedron E, I need to compute numerically the integral of a polynomial over one of its faces e:

$$\int_e f(x,y,z) ds$$ I know that in the finite elements context, the standard practice to compute volume integrals is to perform a change of variable and do the actual computations on the unit reference element using a Gaussian quadrature, but I can't seem to figure out exactly how that would work for a surface integral.

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  • $\begingroup$ Do you actually need a Gaussian quadrature? Can you use one for a simplex? $\endgroup$ – uranix Sep 8 '15 at 12:57
  • $\begingroup$ @uranix : This sounds very interesting, could you point me to some references ? $\endgroup$ – Dooggy Sep 8 '15 at 15:43
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First, you create a diffeomorphism $\Phi$ that maps the triangle $T = \{(0,0,0),(1,0,0),(0,1,0)\}$ the face $e$.

Then, you employ the change of variables for integrals

$$\int_e f(x,y,z)\, ds = \int_T f(\Phi(\hat{x},\hat{y},\hat{z})) \vert \det D\Phi \vert \, d\hat{s}\,.$$

Finally, you approximate the right-hand side with a 2D Gauss quadrature extended by zero to the $\hat{z}$ component.

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