# Convert a number into the range 0 to 24

I'm developing a C++ program and I need to find a formula that given a number to reduce and a limit number, get a value between 0 and this limit number.

I don't know if it is allow to put C++ code here, but I want to show you my function:

double Utils::reduceNumber(double numberToReduce, double limitNumber)
{
double factor = 0.0;
double result = 0.0;

factor = std::abs(numberToReduce / limitNumber);

if (factor != (int)factor)
factor = (int)factor + 1;

if (numberToReduce > 0)
result = numberToReduce - (byNumber * factor);
else
result = numberToReduce + (byNumber * factor);

return result;
}


For example, If I want to reduce −465.986246 in a limit between 0 and 24, I have to do this:

−465.986246 + (24 x  20) = 14.013754


What is the formula to obtain that 20?

• Try setting your factor as: $\frac{l - 2n}{2l}$ where $l$ is your limit and $n$ is the number you are "reducing" to the interval $(0,l)$.
– anak
Jul 31, 2015 at 16:38
• Are you asking for a mathematical formula or one in C++? Jul 31, 2015 at 16:43
• I'm asking for a mathematical formula. I'm going to translate it to C++ later. Jul 31, 2015 at 16:43

Let $a$ be a given number. Also, suppose that the limit is between $0$ and $N$.

If you want an integer $b$ such that $$0\le a+Nb\le N\iff -\frac{a}{N}\le b\le \frac{N-a}{N},$$ then $$b=\left\lfloor\frac{N-a}{N}\right\rfloor$$ works where $\lfloor x\rfloor$ is the largest integer not greater than $x$.

For $a=−465.986246$ and $N=24$, we have $b=\left\lfloor\frac{24-(−465.986246)}{24}\right\rfloor=20$.

• Thanks for your great answer. Now, a = 28.668119326367531 and I'm having problems because the b value is rounded to 0. Jul 31, 2015 at 17:06
• @VansFannel: For $a=28.668119326367531$ and $N=24$, I think $b=-1$. Jul 31, 2015 at 17:22
• Thanks. Now I need that the value will be between 1 and N. How can I do it? Jan 26, 2016 at 18:01

Just setting up some notation:

For your limit number $l > 0$ and the number you want to "reduce", $n$, you want to find another number $x$ such that it satisfies: $$(n + l\cdot x) \in (0,l).$$

So for example, we know that $\frac{l}{2} \in (0,l)$ obviously, so we will say you want to satisfy the equation: $$n + l\cdot x = \frac{l}{2}.$$

Solving this equation for $x$ results in the following: $$x = \frac{l-2n}{2l}.$$

Note this will always put the number in the centre of the interval $(0,l)$. You can also do this for other specific points in the interval $(0,l)$.

If you want some sort of random noise to not make it the exact centre of the interval each time, you can just let $\epsilon$ be your randomly generated number in the interval $(-1,1)$ and then set your $x$ as follows: $$x = \frac{l(1+\epsilon) - 2n}{2l}.$$

EDIT: I see that mathlove assumed you wanted an integer, so this solution likely isn't what you wanted (however you specify the 'factor' is a double in your code, so you might want to optimize that if that is the case...).

• I need an integer, but I have to round factor's value because now I having problems when the number is 28.668119326367531. Jul 31, 2015 at 17:05
• @VansFannel Use mathlove's solution for an integer value.
– anak
Jul 31, 2015 at 17:12

Using math love's solution, this is my function now:

double Utils::reduceNumber(double numberToReduce, double limitNumber)
{
float factor = 0.0;
double result = 0.0;

factor = (limitNumber - numberToReduce) / limitNumber;

if (factor < 0.0)
{
factor -= 1;
}
else
{
if ((std::abs(factor) - (int)std::abs(factor)) > 0.5)
{
factor += 1;
}
}

result = numberToReduce + (byNumber * (int)factor);

return result;
}


Now it works with 28.668119326367531 and with −465.986246 numbers.