Prove that ${C^2[0,1]} $ (set of two times differentiable functions)is complete with metric: $$d(f,g)=\sup_{x \in [0,1]}|f(x)-g(x)|+ \sup_{x \in [0,1]}|f'(x)-g'(x)| + \sup_{x \in [0,1]}|f''(x)-g''(x)|.$$

What I have trouble is taking a Cauchy sequence in the space and proving that it converges in that space. The second part of my question is proving that $$S=\{f(x)\in \mathbb{C^2[0,1]} \mid {\textstyle \int_{0}^{1}}f(x)dx\leq 3\} \subset {C^2[0,1]}$$ is complete under this metric. I am told to prove:

If we have $\{f_n\}\subset S$ with $f_n \to f$ in ${C^2[0,1]}$, then $f \in S$.

Why is this true? Can anyone prove these?

  • $\begingroup$ by the way, it should be $S:=\left\{f(x)| f\in\mathbb{C^2[0,1]} \text{ st } \ \int_{0}^{1}f(x)dx\leq 3\right\}$? otherwise S is not necessarily a subset of $\mathbb{C^2[0,1]}$ $\endgroup$ – user190080 Jul 30 '15 at 17:24


Use two ingredients to prove the completness of $\mathcal C^2([0,1])$:

  1. Ingredient one the space $\mathcal C([0,1]$ of continuous real functions defined on $[0,1]$ is complete for the $\Vert f \Vert =\sup\limits_{x \in [0,1]} \vert f(x) \vert$ norm.
  2. Ingredient two if a sequence of differentiable functions $(f_n)$ is such that $f_n^\prime$ converges uniformly to $g$ and $f_n(x_0)$ converge for at least one point $x_0 \in [0,1]$ then $(f_n)$ converges uniformly to a function $f$ which is differentiable and $f^\prime=g$.

Some possible steps for the recipe.

  1. Take a Cauchy sequence $(f_n)$.
  2. By definition of your norm, $(f_n)$, $(f_n^\prime)$ and $(f_n^{\prime \prime})$ are Cauchy sequences.
  3. With ingredient 1, they converge uniformly to continuous functions $f$, $g$ and $h$ respectively.
  4. With ingredient 2, $g$ is differentiable and $g^\prime=h$.
  5. Again with ingredient 2 $f$ is differentiable and $f^\prime=g$.
  6. You can then conclude.

Regarding the second part of your question, prove that $S$ is closed.

  • $\begingroup$ Ingredient one needs some spices, you should add a metric $\endgroup$ – user190080 Jul 30 '15 at 17:16
  • $\begingroup$ I agree and i would apreciate some instructions on mixing these ingredients. $\endgroup$ – Bozo Vulicevic Jul 30 '15 at 17:18
  • $\begingroup$ You should try some free cooking first... Just a hint: take a Cauchy sequence and start from the second derivative. $\endgroup$ – mathcounterexamples.net Jul 30 '15 at 17:23
  • $\begingroup$ I need cooking lessons, because I take a Cauchy sequence, and have no clue what to do with it. Honest. Completeness it the most problematic area for me. $\endgroup$ – Bozo Vulicevic Jul 30 '15 at 17:33
  • $\begingroup$ By the way, your site is quite impressive. $\endgroup$ – Bozo Vulicevic Jul 30 '15 at 17:36

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