All four look virtually identical, so I would like to know how to best distinguish between them.
For example, the first mapping, I notice that $1$ maps to $0$, $-1$ maps to $\infty$.
But since $1$ and $-1$ are symmetric points w.r.t. the imaginary axis, the Mobius transformations always maps symmetric points to symmetric points. So, the images, $0$ and $\infty$, being symmetric points, must mean that they are symmetric with respect to a circle. So the real axis gets mapped to some circle centered at the origin.
How do I tell how big this circle is? And since the real axis separates the upper and lower half planes, either the upper or lower plane gets mapped inside the circle, but how can I tell? I tried a sample point: I see that $i$ gets mapped to $i$, but is this telling me that the mapping is "fixing" the UHP? I doubt it, because it's mapping stuff to some open disk.
Edit: Also, with the first mapping, there doesn't seem to be a nice symmetry argument to exploit for the imaginary axis.