Remainder of polynomial division.

Remainder of dividing a polynomial $P(x),$ $\left (\deg{P(x)\geqslant2} \right )$ with $(x-1)$ is $1$ while remainder of dividing the same polyinomial with $(x+1)$ is $-1$. Find the remainder of dividing $P(x)$ with $(x^{2}-1)$.

In short:

$P(x)=(x-1)Q_{1}(x)+1$
$P(x)=(x+1)Q_{2}(x)-1$

$P(x)=\underbrace{(x-1)(x+1)}Q_{3}(x)+A, \; A=?$
$\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;=(x^2-1)$

I've written like four pages of manipulation with what's given and either came to where I had begun, or had got nothing useful. I also tried putting roots of binomials instead of x but then I get $P(1)=1=A \wedge P(-1)=-1=A$ which confuses me even more.

Hints on what to do?

• The ermainder has the form $Ax+B$. – Bernard Jun 24 '15 at 10:04

HINT : You should have $$P(x)=(x-1)(x+1)Q_3(x)+\color{red}{ax+b}.$$ Now use $$P(1)=1$$ and $$P(-1)=-1.$$
• Because the degree of $x^2-1$ is $2$. – mathlove Jun 24 '15 at 10:06
• So, if I had a polynomial of the degree 3 I would put $ax^2+bx+c$ ? – tyr Jun 24 '15 at 10:08