# Solution of limit $\lim\limits_{x\to 0} \frac {e^{-1/x^2}}{x}$ [duplicate]

Small question, I'm trying to solve this limit but I just can't wrap my head around this problem.

$$\lim_{x\to 0} \frac {e^{-1/x^2}}{x}$$

L'Hopital just seems to make it messier.

It's probably pretty simple - I'd like to hear what I'm missing.

• Write it as $$\lim_{x\to 0} \frac{1/x}{e^{1/x^2}}.$$ Commented Jun 24, 2015 at 9:06
• You can also set $y=1/x$, rewrite it as $y e^{-y^2}$ for $y\to\pm\infty$. (This is pretty much the same as Daniel Fischer's hint, but maybe easier to recognize). Commented Jun 24, 2015 at 9:16
• This question is answered here math.stackexchange.com/questions/1335879/…
– Miz
Commented Jun 24, 2015 at 9:19

You can write $t=\frac{1}{x}$ so that $t=\frac{1}{x}\to \infty$ as $x\to 0$. Now the limit is $$\lim_{t\to \infty} e^{-t^{2}}\cdot t=\lim_{t\to \infty} \frac{t}{e^{t^{2}}}=0$$ because $e^{t^{2}} > t$ as $t\to \infty$

• Just seen comments...too late
– Leo
Commented Jun 24, 2015 at 9:27

The function $$f(x)=\begin{cases} e^{-1/x^2} & \text{if x\ne0}\\[6px] 0 & \text{if x=0} \end{cases}$$ is the classical example of a function which is not the sum of its Taylor series at $0$, because all derivatives at $0$ are $0$. Thus it's not a surprise that l'Hôpital doesn't work in this case.

However, one can do some transformations, for instance trying to compute $$\lim_{x\to0}\frac{e^{-1/x^2}}{x^2}$$ that admits the substitution $t=1/x^2$ which makes it into $$\lim_{t\to\infty}\frac{t}{e^t}=0$$ Thus $$\lim_{x\to0}\frac{e^{-1/x^2}}{x}= \lim_{x\to0}x\frac{e^{-1/x^2}}{x^2}=0$$

From the Maclaurin series we have:

$$x\to 0\,:\;e^x\simeq1+x$$
Subsstitute $x$ by $\frac {-1}{x^2}$ and you will get:

$$\frac{-1}{x^2}\to0\Rightarrow x\to \pm\infty\,:\;e^{\frac {-1}{x^2}}\simeq1-\frac {1}{x^2}$$
So we have:

$$\lim_{x\to0}\frac{e^{\frac{-1}{x^2}}}{x}=\lim_{x\to\pm\infty}\frac{1-\frac{1}{x^2}}{x}=\lim_{x\to\pm\infty}\frac{x^2-1}{x^3}=0$$ Because the degree of the denominator is more than the degree of the nominator