# Rotation Around the Y-Axis

I have an equation:

$y = -0.0122625x^2 + 120.38736$

and I want to rotate this around the y-axis and find the volume from the range 0 to 99. I have no idea how to do this and would greatly appreciate some help/explanation of how to do this. Thank you

• We don't rotate an equation, we rotate a region, but I think I know what you intend. The volume (Method of Cylindrical Shells) is $\int_0^{99}2\pi x f(x)\,dx$, where $f(x)$ is your function. Jun 6, 2015 at 20:20

In general, volumes of curves of the form $y=f(x)$ about the $y$-axis can be carried out in two ways.

(1) Using an integral in $y$, (washer method). This will however require you to invert your function into an expression of the form $x=g(y)$.

(2) Using an integral in $x$, (shell method). This does not require you to invert your function. Check out http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shell_integration for an introduction.

Here is a plot of $y=a x^2 + b$ (red) and the height constraints $y=0$ and $y=99$ (green). Integrating discs of radius $r = r(y)$ $$dV = \pi r^2 \, dy$$

gives $$V = \pi \int\limits_0^{99} \!\! r(y)^2 dy$$

For the radius we have $$y = a r^2 + b \iff r^2 = \frac{1}{a}(y-b)$$ and thus

$$V = \pi \int\limits_0^{99} \frac{1}{a}(y-b) \, dy$$

I leave the integration for you.