# Solving the integral $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} (1+x^2)^{-3/2}$ with $\sinh$, $\cosh$?

I want to solve the following integral:

$$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} (1+x^2)^{-3/2}$$

I thought maybe it's possible with $\sinh$ or $\cosh$ or something similar, but I can't figure it out. Thanks in advance for the help

• Try with $\sinh$, using the identity $\cosh^2=\sinh^2+1$.
– user65203
May 23, 2015 at 8:21

Write this as \begin{equation*} 2\int^{\infty}_0 \frac{1}{(x^2+1)^{3/2}}dx. \end{equation*} Using the substitution $x=\tan(u)$ and the identity $1+\tan^2(u)=\sec^2(u)$ to get \begin{equation*} 2\int^{\pi/2}_0 \frac{1}{\sqrt{\sec^2(u)}}du=2\int^{\pi/2}_{0}\cos(u)du=2 \end{equation*}
For fun I tried Yves' hyperbolic suggestion. $$I = \int_{-\infty}^\infty (1+x^2)^{-3/2}dx$$ substitute $x=\sinh t$ so that $dx = \cosh t\,dt$ and $$I = \int_{-\infty}^\infty (\cosh^2 t)^{-3/2} \cosh t\,dt= \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} (\cosh t)^{-2} dt = \tanh t \big|_{-\infty}^\infty = 2$$