I'm studying Fulton's algebraic curves book and in order to prove the well-definiteness of the divisor $div(z)$ on page 97 I'm trying to understand this solution which I found online.

I didn't understand these points:

  1. Why $J_z$ is an ideal containing $I(V)$? if we take $F\in I(V)$, $\overline F$ is identity in $\Gamma_h(V)=k[X_1,\ldots,X_{n+1}]/I(V)$, right? Then $\overline Fz$ is not necessarily in $\Gamma_h(V)$, because $z$ is in the fraction field $k(V)$.

  2. Why the fact that $J_z$ is an homogeneous ideal containing $I(V)$ implies $J_z$ is algebraic subset of $V$?

I'm sorry for these basic questions, I really have problems with this subject. If anyone could help me with one of these questions or help me with a direct proof of the well-definiteness of $div(z)$, I would be grateful.


  • $\begingroup$ Where did you find this on line? I'm working through Fulton as well and have not been able to find answers or hints for those exercises that I can't solve myself. $\endgroup$
    – rogerl
    Apr 2 '18 at 20:21
  • $\begingroup$ @rogerl I've found online, I don't remember where. $\endgroup$
    – user42912
    Apr 8 '18 at 22:58
  1. If $F\in I(V)$, then $\overline{F} = 0$ in $\Gamma_h(V)$, so $\overline{F}z = 0$ too.

  2. Because $J_z\supseteq I(V)$, we have $V(J_z)\subseteq V\bigl(I(V)\bigr)$. By the Nullstellensatz, $V\bigl(I(V)\bigr) = V$.

  • $\begingroup$ Thank you for your answer. I didn't understand why $V(I(V))=V$ using the Hilbertstellensatz. What I know is $I(V(I))=\sqrt I$ Thank you very much again! $\endgroup$
    – user42912
    May 20 '15 at 23:12
  • $\begingroup$ @user42912 Because $V$ is a variety, $V = V(J)$ for some ideal $J$. Thus, $V(I(V)) = V(I(V(J))) = V(\sqrt{J}) = V(J) = V$. $\endgroup$
    – tsa
    May 21 '15 at 13:13
  • $\begingroup$ Thank you very much for your help!!! $\endgroup$
    – user42912
    May 21 '15 at 13:57
  • $\begingroup$ I have another question, why $V(J_z)$ are exactly those points where $z$ is not defined? Thank you! $\endgroup$
    – user42912
    May 22 '15 at 5:20

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