Rewrite as $2x^2=n^2+n$
Multiply by $4$ to obtain $8x^2=4n^2+4n$
Set $y=2x, z=2n+1$ and confirm $2y^2=z^2-1$ or $z^2-2y^2=1$, which is a Pell Equation. To solve the original problem you need solutions to the Pell equation with $y$ even.
Now note the factorisation $(z+y\sqrt 2)(z-y\sqrt 2)=1$ where the factors differ only in the sign of $\sqrt 2$.
The same is true of $(3+2\sqrt 2)(3-2\sqrt 2)=1$. Note: this is obtained by squaring $(1+\sqrt 2)(1-\sqrt 2)=-1$, but you want solutions for $+1$ only.
Note next that $(z+y\sqrt 2)(3+2\sqrt 2)=(3z+4y)+(2z+3y)\sqrt 2$, and we have $$(3z+4y)^2-2(2z+3y)^2=9z^2+24yz+16y^2-8z^2-24yz-18y^2=z^2-2y^2=1$$
So if $(z,y)$ is a solution of the Pell equation, so is $(3z+4y,2z+3y)$. If $y$ is even, so is $2z+3y$. Given a solution, you can find another.
Using $(z+y\sqrt 2)(3-2\sqrt 2)=(3z-4y)+(3y-2z)\sqrt 2$ you can find descending solutions, which is a help in showing whether you have all the solutions or not.
There is much to learn about Pell Equations and their solutions, but playing with the ideas here (you get two things multiplied together equal to $1$ - such things are called units - and the product of two units is also a unit) will help you when you meet the same ideas in other contexts.