# Linear Algebra-invariant subspaces

Suppose $V$ is a real vector space and $T\in \mathcal L (V)$ has no (real) eigenvalues.

Prove that every subspace of $V$ invariant under $T$ has even dimension.

• Welcome to MSE. I have two questions: 1) what is $TL(V)$, and 2) what did you try to solve this problem? – A.P. Apr 20 '15 at 18:29
• TL(V) means T is a linear operator from V to V. Only thing i could do is thinking about the characteristic polynomial.. – Ezgi Gürbüz Apr 20 '15 at 18:50
• Presumably what is meant is $T \in L(V)$. – Robert Israel Apr 20 '15 at 18:50
• You must assume your vector space, or at least the subspace, is finite-dimensional: there are examples with infinite-dimensional invariant subspaces. – Robert Israel Apr 20 '15 at 18:52
• Yes, it must be finite dimensional but i still can't show it. – Ezgi Gürbüz Apr 20 '15 at 18:55

Hint: consider the characteristic polynomial of the restriction of $T$ to an odd-dimensional invariant subspace. What do you know about real roots of polynomials of odd degree?
Assume to the contrary that there exists a $T$-invariant subspace $W$ that has odd dimension. Consider $T|_W$, the restriction of $T$ on $W$. Let $f(t)$ be the characteristic polynomial of $T|_W$, since $T$ has no real eigenvalues, so is $T|_W$, and by the Fundamental Theroem of Algebra, $f(t)=a(t-c_1)...(t-c_{2k-1})$ where $c_i \in \mathbb C$ for all $i$ (not necessarily distinct) and $a \in \mathbb R$. But this contradicts to $f(t)$ has real coefficients.