Finding intervals using local min and max (in interval notation form)

I am having some trouble with the following question:

Find the critical points of the function and use the First Derivative Test to determine whether the critical point is a local minimum or maximum (or neither). (Enter your answers as a comma-separated list. If an answer does not exist, enter DNE.)

Function: f(x) = 4 sin x cos x, on (0, π)

I was successfully able to get the local minimum and local maximum for this function which are:

3π/4 (local min)

π/4 (local max)

However, I have no idea what to do for the following:

Determine the intervals on which the function is increasing or decreasing. (Enter your answers using interval notation. Enter EMPTY or ∅ for the empty set.)

Any help is greatly appreciated.

• How have you got the local maximum/minimum? – mfl Mar 29 '15 at 21:41
• Yes the local min is 3π/4 and the local max is π/4 – camrymps Mar 29 '15 at 21:41
• How have you arrived at that answer? – mfl Mar 29 '15 at 21:42
• But what did you do for the first part? – danimal Mar 29 '15 at 21:45
• your function is $f = 4\sin x \cos x = 2 \sin 2x, 0 < x < \pi.$ $f$ is increasing on $(0,\pi/4) \cup (3\pi/4)$ and decreasing on $\pi/4, 3\pi /4)$ – abel Mar 29 '15 at 21:50

$$f'(x)=4(\cos^2 x-\sin^2 x).$$ To get the critical points you have to solve $f'(x)=0.$ You have done it and you have obtained $x=\pi/4$ and $x=3\pi/4.$ Now, you have to study the sign of $f$ on the intervals $(0,\pi/4),$ $(\pi/4,3\pi/4)$ and $(3\pi/4,\pi).$ ($0$ and $\pi$ because they are the extremes of the interval where the function is defined and $x\pi/4$ and $3\pi/4$ because they are the critical points.)
Remember that if $f'(x)>0,\: x\in (a,b)$ then $f$ is strictly increasing in $(a,b)$ and if $f'(x)<0,\: x\in (a,b)$ then $f$ is strictly decreasing in $(a,b).$ A local minimum is obtained when you change from an interval where the function is decreasing to an interval where it is increasing. It is similar for a local maximum. (This is the first derivative test.)
• Yes. On each interval with $f'$ positive the function increases and on each interval with $f'$ negative the function decreases. (Note that $-5\pi/4<0$ and so you must consider, say, $\pi/3.$ Also, $\pi/2<3\pi/4,$ so use $4\pi/5.$) When $f'$ changes from positive to negative you have a local maximum and similar to local minimum. – mfl Mar 29 '15 at 22:19