# Drawing heart in mathematica

It's not really a typical math question. Today, while studying graphs, I suddenly got inquisitive about whether there exists a function that could possibly draw a heart-shaped graph. Out of sheer curiosity, I clicked on Google, which took me to this page.

The page seems informative, and I am glad to learn certain new things! Now I am interested in drawing them by my own using Mathematica. So my question is: is it possible to draw them in Mathematica? If yes, please show me how.

• The following links may be useful to you: xahlee.org/SpecialPlaneCurves_dir/Cardioid_dir/cardioid.html demonstrations.wolfram.com/… There is also a differential geometry with mathematica book you may want to look up if the links don't give you what you are looking for. Nov 27, 2010 at 19:41
• Duck-shaped heart: SphericalPlot3D[Log[u] + Sin[v], {u, 0, 2 Pi}, {v, 0, 2 Pi}] Nov 28, 2010 at 2:22

You can plot Taubin's heart surface using ContourPlot3D:

ContourPlot3D[(2 x^2 + y^2 + z^2 - 1)^3 - (1/10) x^2 z^3 - y^2 z^3 == 0,
{x, -1.5, 1.5}, {y, -1.5, 1.5}, {z, -1.5, 1.5},
Mesh -> None, ContourStyle -> Opacity[0.8, Red]]


Consider the map $T \colon \mathbb R^2 \rightarrow \mathbb R^2, \ (x,y) \mapsto (x, y+ \sqrt{|x|})$. With a little examination, you can see that this will define a warping on the plane that will map the unit circle to a heart shaped curve:

So if you know that a parametrization for the circle is $(\cos(t),\ \sin(t)),\ t\in [-\pi,\pi]$, then the parametrization for its heart-shaped image would be $(\cos(t),\ \sin(t) + \sqrt{|\cos(t)|}),\ t\in [-\pi,\pi]$. You can plot the curve with the following Mathematica code:

ParametricPlot[{Cos[t], Sin[t] + Sqrt[Abs[Cos[t]]]}, {t, -Pi, Pi}]


For the fifth function in the link you mentioned (which I thought it was the most similar to a heart):

PolarPlot[(Sin[t]Sqrt[Abs[Cos[t]]])/(Sin[t]+7/5)-2Sin[t]+2, {t, 0, 10}]


Similarly, using W|A:

• Now that's love Nov 27, 2010 at 20:05
• By the way, I couldn't paste the address to W|A into a link (maybe some character is breaking the <a> tags). However, the same code for Mathematica works in W|A. Nov 27, 2010 at 20:44
• For links to WA you have to replace the square brackets with parenthesis Feb 28, 2011 at 4:23
• Like this wolframalpha.com/input/… Feb 28, 2011 at 4:26
• @belisarius: I didn't know that. Thanks :-) Feb 28, 2011 at 5:24

A somewhat late addition (I only found my yellowed notebooks containing these just now):

$$\left(2(1+\cos\,\varphi)\sin^3 t\qquad 2\cos\,\theta\;\sin^2 t \sin\,\varphi+\sin\,\theta\cos\,t\left(\cos\,2t-2\cos\,\varphi\;\sin^2 t-3\right)\right)^T$$

is a two-parameter family of curves that generate heart shapes for some values of $\theta$ and $\varphi$. They were derived from projections of a skewed version of the nephroid.

Here for instance is the case $\theta=\pi/4,\quad \varphi=\pi/2$:

The following inputs will plot the following 6 hearts in the picture below respectively.

ContourPlot[(x^2 + y^2 - 1)^3 - x^2 y^3 == 0, {x, -1.5, 1.5}, {y, -1.5, 1.5}, MaxRecursion -> 5]

ContourPlot[x^2 + (y - (2 (x^2 + Abs[x] - 6))/(3 (x^2 + Abs[x] + 2)))^2 == 36, {x, -9, 9}, {y, -9, 9}, MaxRecursion -> 5]

ContourPlot[x^2 + (5/4 y - Sqrt[Abs[x]])^2 == 1, {x, -1.5, 1.5}, {y, -1.5, 1.5},MaxRecursion -> 5]

ContourPlot[0 == (Sqrt[1 - (Abs[x/5] - 1)^2] - y/5 + 3/4) (ArcCos[1 - Abs[x/5]] - \[Pi] - y/5 + 3/4), {x, -12, 12}, {y, -12, 12}, MaxRecursion -> 5]

PolarPlot[2 - 2 Sin[\[Theta]] + Sin[\[Theta]] Sqrt[Abs[Cos[\[Theta]]]]/(Sin[\[Theta]] + 1.4), {\[Theta], -2 \[Pi], 2 \[Pi]}, MaxRecursion -> 5]

ContourPlot3D[(x^2 + (9 y^2)/4 + z^2 - 1)^3 - x^2 z^3 - (9 y^2 z^3)/80 == 0, {x, -1.5, 1.5}, {y, -1.5, 1.5}, {z, -1.5, 1.5}]


I also came up with my own strictly algebraic equation that will plot the letters AB inside of a heart for my significant other. The equation is...

$\left(\left(\left(\left| y\right| -\frac{29}{20}\right)^2+(x-1)^2\right)^2+18 \left(\left(\left| y\right| -\frac{29}{20}\right)^2+\left(x-\frac{219}{100}\right)^2\right)-8 \left(\left(x-\frac{5}{2}\right)^3-3 \left(x-\frac{39}{20}\right) \left(\left| y\right| -\frac{147}{100}\right)^2\right)-27\right)$ $\left(\left(\left(x+\frac{7}{4}\right)^2+\left(\frac{2 y}{3}+\frac{1}{4}\right)^2\right)^2+\frac{9}{2} \left(\left(x+\frac{7}{4}\right)^2+\left(\frac{2 y}{3}+\frac{1}{4}\right)^2\right)-4 \left(\left(\frac{2 y}{3}+\frac{1}{4}\right)^3-\left(x+\frac{7}{4}\right)^2 \left(2 y+\frac{3}{2}\right)\right)-\frac{27}{16}\right)$ $\left(\left(\left(x+\frac{7}{4}\right)^2+\left(\frac{2 y}{3}+\frac{3}{4}\right)^2\right)^2+18 \left(\left(x+\frac{7}{4}\right)^2+\left(\frac{2 y}{3}+\frac{3}{4}\right)^2\right)-8 \left(\left(\frac{2 y}{3}+\frac{3}{4}\right)^3-\left(x+\frac{7}{4}\right)^2 \left(2 y+\frac{9}{4}\right)\right)-27\right)$ $\sqrt{\frac{\left| \sqrt{\left(\frac{2 y}{3}+2\right)^2+\left(x+\frac{11}{4}\right)^2}+\sqrt{\left(\frac{2 y}{3}+2\right)^2+\left(x+\frac{3}{4}\right)^2}-\frac{5}{2}\right| }{\sqrt{\left(x+\frac{11}{4}\right)^2+\left(\frac{2 y}{3}+2\right)^2}+\sqrt{\left(x+\frac{3}{4}\right)^2+\left(\frac{2 y}{3}+2\right)^2}-\frac{5}{2}}} \sqrt{\frac{\left| \sqrt{(y-2)^2+\left(x-\frac{9}{20}\right)^2}+\sqrt{(y+2)^2+\left(x-\frac{9}{20}\right)^2}-\frac{21}{5}\right| }{\sqrt{\left(x-\frac{9}{20}\right)^2+(y-2)^2}+\sqrt{\left(x-\frac{9}{20}\right)^2+(y+2)^2}-\frac{21}{5}}}$ $\left(\sqrt{\left(-x-\frac{11}{4}\right)^2+\left(\frac{2 y}{3}+\frac{7}{4}\right)^2}+\sqrt{\left(-x-\frac{3}{4}\right)^2+\left(\frac{2 y}{3}+\frac{7}{4}\right)^2}-\frac{5}{2}\right)$ $\left(\sqrt{\left(x-\frac{1}{2}\right)^2+(y-2)^2}+\sqrt{\left(x-\frac{1}{2}\right)^2+(y+2)^2}-\frac{21}{5}\right)$ $\left(\left((\left| y\right| +1)^2+(x-2)^2\right)^2-19 \left((\left| y\right| +1)^2-(x-2)^2\right)\right)$ $\left(\left(-\sqrt{\left| \frac{x}{2}\right| }+\frac{3 y}{10}+\frac{9}{10}\right)^2+\frac{x^2}{20}-5\right) = 0$

The mathematica code is...

ContourPlot[0 == (x^2/20 + ((3 y)/10 + 9/10 - Sqrt[Abs[x/2]])^2 -
5) ((((2 y)/3 + 1/4)^2 + (x + 7/4)^2)^2 +
9/2 (((2 y)/3 + 1/4)^2 + (x + 7/4)^2) - 27/16 -
4 (((2 y)/3 + 1/4)^3 - (2 y + 3/2) (x + 7/4)^2)) (((x + 7/
4)^2 + ((2 y)/3 + 3/4)^2)^2 +
18 ((x + 7/4)^2 + ((2 y)/3 + 3/4)^2) - 27 -
8 (((2 y)/3 + 3/4)^3 - (2 y + 9/4) (x + 7/4)^2)) (Sqrt[((2 y)/
3 + 7/4)^2 + (-x - 11/4)^2] +
Sqrt[((2 y)/3 + 7/4)^2 + (-x - 3/4)^2] - 5/
2) \[Sqrt](Abs[
Sqrt[((2 y)/3 + 2)^2 + (x + 11/4)^2] +
Sqrt[((2 y)/3 + 2)^2 + (x + 3/4)^2] - 5/
2]/(Sqrt[((2 y)/3 + 2)^2 + (x + 11/4)^2] +
Sqrt[((2 y)/3 + 2)^2 + (x + 3/4)^2] - 5/
2)) ((((Abs[y] + 1)^2 + (x - 2)^2)^2 -
19 ((Abs[y] + 1)^2 - (x - 2)^2))) (((x - 1)^2 + (Abs[y] - 29/
20)^2)^2 + 18 ((x - 219/100)^2 + (Abs[y] - 29/20)^2) - 27 -
8 ((x - 5/2)^3 - 3 (x - 39/20) (Abs[y] - 147/100)^2)) (Sqrt[(x -
1/2)^2 + (y - 2)^2] + Sqrt[(x - 1/2)^2 + (y + 2)^2] - 21/
5) (Sqrt[
Abs[Sqrt[(x - 9/20)^2 + (y - 2)^2] +
Sqrt[(x - 9/20)^2 + (y + 2)^2] - 21/5]/(
Sqrt[(x - 9/20)^2 + (y - 2)^2] + Sqrt[(x - 9/20)^2 + (y + 2)^2] -
21/5)]), {x, -12, 12}, {y, -12, 12}, MaxRecursion -> 7]


and the graph is...

When using the ContourPlot function in Mathematica there are issues and you may get some noise. So your image may not be as clean as mine. Also it will take a while to plot it at MaxRecursion->7 so stand by.

• Is there any easy way to write something to the Heart such as BEST?
– hhh
Mar 7, 2014 at 20:15
• @hhh There is not an easy way to do that or to write anything for that matter. It would have to be calculated. Mar 7, 2014 at 20:24

Inigo Quilez has found a polar plot of a heart that doesn't require any of trigonometric functions:

polar plot r = (0.322515 * abs(theta)^3 - 2.22907 * abs(theta)^2 + 4.13803 * abs(theta))/(6.0 - 1.59155 * abs(theta)), theta=-pi to pi

Wolphram Alpha plot

A three-dimensional space curve with the shape of a red heart:

The Mathematica code for the image above is:

ParametricPlot3D[{Cos[u]*(4*Sqrt[1 - v^2]*Sin[Abs[u]]^Abs[u]), v,
Sin[u]*(4*Sqrt[1 - v^2]*Sin[Abs[u]]^Abs[u])},
{u, -Pi, Pi}, {v, -1, 1}, Axes -> None, Mesh -> False,
Boxed -> False,
PlotStyle -> {Red, Specularity[White, 10]}]


3D red heart with Mesh and lines:

Mathematica code for the image above:

ParametricPlot3D[{Cos[u]*(4*Sqrt[1 - v^2]*Sin[Abs[u]]^Abs[u]), v,
Sin[u]*(4*Sqrt[1 - v^2]*Sin[Abs[u]]^Abs[u])}, {u, -Pi,
Pi}, {v, -0.97, 0.97}, PlotPoints -> 50, Axes -> None,
Boxed -> False,
PlotStyle ->
Directive[Glow[Red], Specularity[White, 30], Opacity[0.15]],
Mesh -> 50, Background -> Black, MeshStyle -> {Blue, Red},
Lighting -> {{"Directional", Yellow, {{1.5, 1.5, 5}, {1.5, 1.5, 0}},
Pi/6}}]


A variation on the use of the Taubin heart surface with hue:

Mathematica code for the last image above:

ContourPlot3D[(-1/10) x^2 z^3 -
y^2 z^3 + (2 x^2 + y^2 + z^2 - 1)^3 == 0, {x, -1.2, 1.2}, {y, -1.4,
1.4}, {z, -1.5, 1.5}, Mesh -> False, PlotPoints -> 60,
Axes -> None, Boxed -> False,
ContourStyle -> Directive[Opacity[0.5], Red],
ColorFunction -> Function[{x, y, z, f}, Hue[z]]]


For more customized heart images, see the post in my website/blog:

https://knowledgemix.wordpress.com/2014/02/14/heart-to-heart-with-3d-math/

This is really about plotting polar plots, parametric plots and implicitly defined functions in Mathematica.

This is the info on how to draw polar plots

http://mathworld.wolfram.com/PolarPlot.html

Parametric plots

http://reference.wolfram.com/mathematica/ref/ParametricPlot.html

This provides info on implicit plots

http://grosz.math.txstate.edu/~dhaz/prob_sets/LTs09cal1lab8.pdf

• Am not getting how to plot the second and third graph in that page. Nov 27, 2010 at 19:25
• @Debanjan: Second is just an implicit plot, check out the link in my answer. Third is a parametric plot, reference.wolfram.com/mathematica/ref/ParametricPlot.html Nov 27, 2010 at 19:30

Here is a screen shot from this equation on Wolfram Alpha. I don't have a license for Mathematica.

(x^2+y^2-1)^3 = x^2