Two players are playing a game by rolling a single die. First player rolls the die first. If the top surface of the die shows 1 or 2 then he wins. If not, then the second player will roll the die. If the top surface of the die shows 3, 4, 5 or 6 then he wins. Else, the game is continues until there is a winner.
(i) Who will be the most likely winner?
(ii) Find the probability that the first player wins the game given that the game has ended.
(iii) What is the most likely length of the game (number of rolls) to produce a winner?
My answer and solution, want to do some checking, correct me if any mistakes.
i) Let A = first player wins the game within one round Let B = second player wins the game within one round Probability of the first player wins the game P(A) = 1/6+1/6 = 1/3 Probability of the second player wins the game P(B) = P(A’) + (1/6+1/6+1/6+1/6) = 4/6 x 2/3 = 4/9
Hence, Second winner will be the most likely winner.
Probability that the first player wins the game given that the game has ended P(A1) + P(A2) + P(A3) + ….. + P(∞) = 1/3 + ( 1/3 ) ( 2/9 ) + ( 1/( 3) ) ( 2/( 9) )2 + ( 1/( 3) ) ( 2/( 9) )3 + ….
By using the formula of sum of infinity S = a/(1-r) a = 1/3 r = 2/9 s = (1/3)/(1- 2/9) = 3/7
P(C) = P(A) +P(B) = 1/3 + ( 2/3 ) ( 2/3 ) = 1/3 + 4/9 = 7/9 The probability smaller than 1 Therefore , one is the most likely length of the game to produce a winner