I've tried to solve a financial mathematical task and I need to sum such a finite series:


So I decided that maybe I'll try to find a solution to : $$\sum_{j=1}^{n}\frac{x^{j}}{x^{j}-1}$$ My first idea was to $+1$ and $-1$ in the numerator. So I would get: $$\sum_{j=1}^{n}1+\sum_{j=1}^{n}\frac{1}{x^{j}-1}$$ But either it is not the right approach or I just don't see how to continue it. Could somebody help me with the problem? I know I could just put the first formula to mathematica, but I couldn't do such a thing during an exam or a test, so I would like to find a paper answer.


I also need to find a sum of: $$\sum_{j=1}^{n}\frac{jx^{j}}{x^{j}-1}$$ But that's even harder.

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ For your first sum you can use mathemateca (or walframalpha online), for your sum it's equal to :$$\sum_{j=0}^{n}\frac{1}{1-x^j}=\sum_{i=0}^{+\infty} k(i)x^i $$ where $k(i)$ is the number of divisors of $i$ $\endgroup$
    – Elaqqad
    Mar 13, 2015 at 23:28
  • $\begingroup$ How do you know? Could you tell me where I can find a proof of it? :) $\endgroup$
    – nilcorc
    Mar 13, 2015 at 23:36
  • $\begingroup$ @Elaqqad The number of divisors that are at most $n$, actually. $\endgroup$
    – Did
    Mar 13, 2015 at 23:41
  • $\begingroup$ @Novsar Why not try to prove it yourself, now that you have the result? $\endgroup$
    – Did
    Mar 13, 2015 at 23:41
  • $\begingroup$ @Novasar I'm sorry, $k(i)$ the number of divisors of $i$ less than $n$, (another mistake in my comment: start the sum from $j=1$ not $j=0$ ) $\endgroup$
    – Elaqqad
    Mar 13, 2015 at 23:43

1 Answer 1


$$\sum_{n=1}^{6}\frac{1.05^{3n+1}}{1.05^{3n+1}-1}=\sum_{n=1}^{6}\frac{1}{1-(\frac{20}{21})^{3n+1}}$$ and then use $$\frac{1}{1-x^m}=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty }x^{nm}$$

  • $\begingroup$ I amended an obvious typo--right away--I wish you can bear with my course of action. $\endgroup$
    – Hanno
    Nov 30, 2020 at 13:15

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