I've studied some complex analysis and basics in algebraic geometry (let's say over $\mathbb C $). We had been mentioned GAGA but nothing in detail. Anyway, from my beginner's point of view, I already see many parallels between both areas of study like
- compact riemann surfaces vs. projective curves
- regular functions being holomorphic
- ramified coverings
- globally holomorphic/regular maps on projective varieties/compact riemann surfaces being constant
Also, the field of elliptic functions on a torus is finitely generated, reminiscent of function fields of varieties (in fact the torus algebro-geometrically is an elliptic curve).
However, I don't see the precise correspondence. After all, the notion of morphism should be weaker than that of a holomorphic map. Or can one get a 1:1-correspondence? How would algebraic geometry help in studying all holomorphic functions and not just those taat happen to be regular. Maybe you could give me some intuition on the topic or GAGA in basic terms. Thank you