# Find the maximum value of the product xyz?

IF $x , y , z$ are arbitary positive real numbers satisfying the equation

$$4xy + 6yz + 8xz = 9$$

Find the maximum value of the product $xyz$.

I dont know from where to begin .

3 variables and one equation.

How I can achieve this?

• Are you familiar with lagrange multipliers? I'm guessing not because of the tag, but just checking Commented Mar 6, 2012 at 10:33
• Lagrange Multipliers for constrained extremal points.
– agt
Commented Mar 6, 2012 at 10:34
• @Alex Becker No.I am not aware of lagrange multipliers.If it is something related to my question.Please let me know Commented Mar 6, 2012 at 10:36
• @vikiiii It's a technique used in calculus for exactly this kind of problem. Commented Mar 6, 2012 at 10:38
• This is the same sort of problem as the one in this other question of yours. The Wikipedia article on Lagrange multipliers shows you how to solve these; it has some worked out examples. Commented Mar 6, 2012 at 11:04

Arithmetic mean is $\ge$ Geometric mean, i.e. $${{4xy + 6yz + 8xz}\over3} \ge {{(4xy\cdot 6yz\cdot 8xz)}}^{1/3}.$$

• how it will give me value of xyz? Commented Mar 6, 2012 at 11:01
• LHS is AM of 18 things, RHS is not GM of 18 things. I think you get $(4xy+6yz+8xz)/3\ge((4xy)(6yz)(8xz))^{1/3}$. Commented Mar 6, 2012 at 11:20
• @GerryMyerson, you are right, i have edited the answer. Commented Mar 6, 2012 at 11:31
• @vikiii RHS is $192^{1/3}*xyz^{2/3}$ and LHS is 3. Commented Mar 6, 2012 at 11:38
• Of course, you then have to decide whether the bound you get is actually attained. Commented Mar 6, 2012 at 11:49

If we want to use the AGM inequality without loss we have to "symmetrize" the three variables. Therefore we replace $x$, $y$, $z$ by $$x':=4x,\quad y':=3y,\quad z':=6z\ .$$ The AGM inequality then says that $$\root 3\of {x'^2y'^2z'^2}\leq {x'y' + y'z' + z' x'\over 3}=4xy + 6 yz+8 zx=9\ ,$$ i.e., $x'y'z'\leq 27$, with equality iff $x'=y'=z'=3$. It follows that $$xyz = {x'y'z'\over 72}\leq{3\over 8}$$ with equality iff $x={3\over4}$, $y=1$, $z={1\over2}$.

• Thanks . But i want to know How did you think of x′:=4x,y′:=3y,z′:=6z . Commented Mar 7, 2012 at 4:40
• @vikiiii: I wrote $x'=\alpha x$, $\ldots$, and determined $\alpha$, $\beta$, $\gamma$ such that $4xy={1\over3}x'y'$, $\ldots\$. Commented Mar 7, 2012 at 8:59

You can also do it by using weighted arithmetic mean and geometric mean inequality,

$$\frac{m_1x_1 + m_2 x_2 + m_3 x_3 +...+ m_n x_n}{m_1+m_2+m_3....m_n} > [{x_1^{m_1}x_2^{m_2}x_3^{m_3}x_4^{m_4}....x_n^{m_n}}]^{\frac{1}{m_1m_1m_2m_3.....m_n}}$$