# Find integral $\int\frac{1}{\cos x}dx$ [duplicate]

Need help with this integral $$\int\frac{1}{\cos x}dx$$ I know that the answer is $$\ln|\operatorname{tg} x+\sec x|$$ I tried transforming 1 into $\cos^2x + \sin^2x$ but it led to nothing. Need to solve it using simplest way without new variables and differential transformations.

• See this. – David Mitra Feb 23 '15 at 12:21
• The goal of an indefinite integral is only to find the antiderivative. If you already know the antiderivative, try taking its derivative, and see how that simplifies down to $1/\cos(x)$. For simplicity, do this without the absolute value - usually that is found by doing a case analysis (or a substitution the leads to $\int 1/u\,du$). – Carl Mummert Feb 23 '15 at 12:21

This is my way of finding this integral: \begin{align}\int \frac{1}{\cos{x}}dx =\int \frac{\cos{x}}{\cos^2{x}} dx= \int \frac{\cos{x}}{1-\sin^2{x}} dx\\ \text{substitution } \Big|\begin{array}{cc}\sin{x}=u \\ \cos{x}dx=du\end{array} \Big| \\= \int \frac{1}{1-u^2}du = \tanh^{-1}u +C= \tanh^{-1}(\sin{x})+C\end{align}.
Note that: $$\dfrac{d}{dx} \tan x= \sec^2 x$$ and $$\dfrac{d}{dx} \sec x= \sec x \tan x$$ so that: $$d(\tan x +\sec x)= \dfrac{\tan x +\sec x}{\cos x} dx$$ and: $$\dfrac{d(\tan x +\sec x)}{\tan x +\sec x}=\dfrac{dx}{\cos x}$$ so, integrating you have the result.