I'm a math student, starting a PhD in the near future. My field of research will be mostly in the field of applied mathematics / numerics. Topics will deal with Kinetic Theory, Moment Equations, Fractional Diffusion, Spetral Methods. I think I have a solid background in numerical computing, especially for PDEs.
Now for my Masterthesis I've dealt with numerical methods for fractional diffusion equations. Since (fractional) diffusion is related to Brownian motion / CTRWs, a lot of authors named mathematical finance as a field that is impacted by their research. The problem is, that I have absolutely no background in finance / econ whatsoever, but I would really like to get into this topic. I think it would open me a lot of opportunities to gain a little expertise in that field.
I started to read some mathematical finance papers, referenced in the papers I encountered and noticed quite quickly, that I lack the non-mathematical background.
The goal of this question is maybe a bit ambition. I would like to get to know the field of mathematical finance over the next three years. Start with the basics and then move quickly to mathematical finance with a focus on computing / simulation. Since I will do this on top of my work, I would also appreciate books that I can pick up every other day/evening and just read a little. What interests me espacially are processes that are related to Stochastic DEs, Brownian Motion, Ramdom processes. Especially topics that might rely on the same basics as diffusive processes / kinetic theory. For example, some buzzwords I encountered where stylized facts, options, derivatives (in finance).
Maybe you could split up your recommendations in the categories finance/econ, general mathematical finance and random processes / SDEs in finance.
If you have general remarks regarding my proceedings please feel free to contribute (for example, what do you think about visiting certain lectures offered at my university, broadening my mathematical background, relating my research to the field of finance, software I should get to know like R, etc.)
Thank you very much!