# Triangle $ABC$ and equilateral triangles $ABC'$, $BCA'$ and $ACB'$.

We consider a triangle $ABC$ whose angles are less then $120°$ and construct the equilateral triangles $ABC'$, $BCA'$ and $ACB'$, exterior to $ABC$. $I$ denotes the intersection of $(AA')$ and $(CC')$.

1) Show that $AA'=BB'=CC'$.
2) Show that $\widehat{BIC}=\widehat{BIA}=120°$.
3) Show that the lines $(AA')$, $(BB')$ and $(CC')$ intersect.

I have no idea how to attack this exercise. For point 3), it is clear that $I$ must be the point of intersection, but I do not know thow to prove any of these three steps.

Can anyone suggest how to proceed! Thank you in advance.

• en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fermat_point – Jack D'Aurizio Jan 18 '15 at 22:19
• Start from proving triangles BAB and CAC are congruent. – Mick Jan 19 '15 at 4:40
• I was able to show 1) and 2). But I do not see why this should imply 3) Any suggestions? – Mathoman Jan 19 '15 at 23:52

First, just connect $CC'$ but not $AA'$ $BB'$, draw the circumcircle of $ABC'$, and let the circle intersect $CC'$ at $I$. It's easy to see that angle $BIC'=60^o$. So $A',B,C,I$ are on the same circle and $B',A,I,C$ are on the same circle. Because angle $AIC=120^o$, angle $A'IC=60^o, AIA'$ are collinear. So do $BIB'$.