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I'm doing homework for my trig class, and it's asking for us to use Pythagorean identities to solve for other trig values. I got through the first 10 fine, but I'm stuck on the last three. My teacher has specified that we have to use the pythagorean trig identities... aka:

  • $\sin^2 \theta + \cos^2 \theta = 1$
  • $1 + \tan^2 \theta = \sec^2\theta$
  • $\cot^2 \theta + \ 1 = \csc^2 \theta$

The questions are:

  1. Given that $x$ is in the first quadrant and $\csc x=1$, what is $\sin x$?
  2. Given that $x$ is in the first quadrant and $\sec x=\sqrt{2}$, what is $\cos x$?
  3. Given that $x$ is in the first quadrant and $\sin x=\frac{1}{2}$, what is $\csc x$?

I have no idea where to start using the Pythagorean Identities. Help?

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  • $\begingroup$ I don't see any reason to use the Pythagorean identities. Here's a reminder that should help: $\csc \theta = 1 / \sin \theta$ and $\sec \theta = 1 / \cos \theta$. $\endgroup$ – JohnJamesSmith Feb 7 '12 at 2:45
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Along with pythagorean identities, there are also elementary identities like, $$\begin{align*}\cos x &= \dfrac{1}{\sec x}\\ \sin x&=\dfrac{1}{\csc x}\end{align*}$$ use them to get your result. And, note that, you don't need to know in which quadrant does $x$ lie and so on to use these identities.

However, if you were asked to calculate $\sin x$ from $\sec x$, you do require that fact to fix the sign of $\sin x$.

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