It is often said that mathematicians hit their prime in their twenties, and some even say that no great mathematics is created after that age, or that older mathematicians have their best days behind them.
Post many examples of great mathematics created over the age of 30, the older the better. Bonus points for mathematicians whose best work happened over the age of 30. I will define great mathematics to be something of great significance, such as proving a deep theorem, developing far-reaching general theory, or anything else of great impact to mathematics.
Addendum: Please also include a brief explanation of why the mathematical result posted is significant.
(Many say that 30 isn't that old, but I'm casting the net wide to get more examples. Age-30 examples would also help to debunk the "peak at twenties" myth. I do ask for examples to be as old as possible, so the lower bound isn't that important.)
I know that mathematicians can produce a lot of work throughout their lives - Euler is a great example - but here I want to focus on mathematics of great significance or impact.
Help me break this misconception!