# Jacobson radical of a commutative ring

Let $R$ be a commutative ring, $I$ be a minimal ideal of $R$. Prove that for all $y$ belong to $Rad(R)$, $yI=0$. ($Rad(R)$ denotes the Jacobson radical of $R$)

$Rad(R)$ equals the intersection of all maximal right ideals of the ring. It is also true that $Rad(R)$ equals the intersection of all maximal left ideals within the ring. In that case, $Rad(R)$ equals the intersection of all maximal ideals of the ring. So take $y$ belongs to $Rad(R)$, $y$ must belong to some maximal ideal $M$ of $R$. Clearly, $yI$ belongs to $MI$. I want $MI=0$. Is that a trivial fact?

Thank you very much.

• MI is not going to be zero in general. M here can be any maximal ideal whatsoever, so if this were true all the non-unit elements of your ring would be zero-divisors. – Zavosh Nov 30 '14 at 3:42
• I see what you means. Actually we only need $yI=0$, not $MI=0$. Thus I 'll use another definition of Jacobson radical which especially for the case commutative. – Vincent Nov 30 '14 at 3:52
• Since you are assuming the ring is commutative, there is utterly no point going into the left-right ideal distinction... – rschwieb Nov 30 '14 at 4:02
• Okay I 'll remove the tags. – Vincent Nov 30 '14 at 4:04

Since $I$ is simple, $R/M \cong I$ For some maximal ideal M of R.
Clearly the annihilator of $R/M$ is M, therefore... (Can you take it from here?)