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Let $v_1$, $v_2$, $v_3$, be linearly independent vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $y_1$ = $v_2$-$v_1$, $y_2$ = $v_3$-$v_2$, $y_3$ = $v_3$-$v_1$. Are $y_1$, $y_2$, $y_3$ linearly dependent or independent? Prove the answer.

Could someone point me in the right direction? I am having a lot of difficulties in my class, and I'm currently stuck on this problem.

I saw a similar example, in which the coefficients were zero, which showed linear independence. I understand a little bit of the intuition, but I am still confused on how to prove this problem.

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Hints:

Since the list $(v_1,v_2,v_3)$ is linearly independent, then for constants $\alpha, \beta, \gamma$ we have that

$$ \alpha v_1 + \beta v_2 + \gamma v_3 = \Theta $$

implies that $\alpha = \beta = \gamma = 0 $. Now, you want to show that the list $(v_2 - v_1, v_3 - v_2, v_3 - v_1 ) $ is a linearly independent list. Again, using the definition and what you have: Say $\alpha', \beta', \gamma' $ are constants and say

$$ \alpha' ( v_2 - v_1) + \beta' ( v_3 - v_2) + \gamma' (v_3 - v_1 ) = \Theta $$

Now, it is easy to see that $\alpha' = \beta' = \gamma' = 0 $. $\mathbf{Show} $ $\mathbf{this}$.

PS: $\Theta$ denotes the zero vector.

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