I've been looking for series representations of the Riemann's zeta function $\zeta(s)$ valid for $\sigma< 1$, with $s=\sigma + t i \in \mathbb{C}$.

I'm interested, preferably, in series representation, something like

$$ \zeta(s)= ?\sum? $$

Here is an exemple of wat I'm talking about but valid for $\sigma<0$. $$ \zeta(s)=\Gamma(1-s)\left(\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(2ki\pi)^{1-s}}+\frac{1}{(-2ki\pi)^{1-s}} \right) $$ This one is from the book Special Functions, An Introduction to the Classical Functions of Mathematical Physics by Nico M. Temme pag.58.

Please leave a reference if you post something.



What about the following:



$$\begin{align*}&\bullet \zeta(s)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac1{n^s}=1+\frac1{2^s}+\frac1{3^s}+\ldots\\{}\\&\bullet2^{1-s}\zeta(s)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac2{(2n)^s}=\frac2{2^s}+\frac2{4^s}+\frac1{6^s}+\ldots\end{align*}$$

Rest first equation from second one above:


and we have the functional equation


Since $\;\eta(s)\;$ converges for Re$\,(s)>0\;$, if we don't have issues with the multiplying factor above then we've extended the zeta function to $\;0<\,$Re$\,(s)<1$...and we don't since all those are removable singularities (why?)


How about the alternating zeta function representation

$$\zeta(s)=\frac{1}{1-2^{1-s}}\sum_{n\geq 1}\frac{(-1)^{n-1}}{n^s},$$

valid for $\Re(s)>0$.

There's also the less explicit Laurant expansion around the pole $s=1$, in terms of Stieltjes constants.

Finally, there's

$$\zeta(s)=\frac{1}{1-2^{1-s}}\sum_{n\geq 0}\frac{1}{2^{n+1}}\sum_{k= 0}^n(-1)^k\binom{n}{k}(k+1)^{-s},$$

conjectured by Knopp, and proven by Hasse, which is convergent everywhere except $s=1$.

  • $\begingroup$ hmmm, I asked for a representation valid for $\Re (s) < 1$ but this one is valid for $\Re (s) > 0$ $\endgroup$ – Neves Nov 27 '14 at 18:18
  • $\begingroup$ Then the linked Laurant expansion is what you're looking for. $\endgroup$ – Alex R. Nov 27 '14 at 18:19
  • $\begingroup$ No, I'm looking for something like (in the spirit of) the exemple in my question, something involving a combination of Dirichlet's series. $\endgroup$ – Neves Nov 27 '14 at 18:25

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