# Is this series convergent or divergent? (with factorials/alternating series)

Determine the series:

$$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} {\sqrt{\frac{n!}{(n+2)!}}}$$

This wouldn't be a alternating series since there is no $(-1)^n$. And I don't think taking a risk of using The Ratio Test would be worth the gamble. I tried taking the limit, in order to use the limit comparison test, but I no longer think it is possible since there are factorials.

• First rewrite the terms as $\frac{1}{\sqrt{(n+2)(n+1)}}$, and then use the Comparison Test. – user84413 Nov 19 '14 at 1:04
• Really? Alright, is that usually helpful with factorial series in general or just this one in particular? – Overclock Nov 19 '14 at 1:04
• Ok, so if I was to re-write it for the comparison test then that would be smaller than my original series, so I would be hoping for that to diverge? – Overclock Nov 19 '14 at 1:06
• Don't use the Ratio Test, it will be inconclusive. The thing behaves more or less like $\frac{1}{n}$ (limit comparison) or alternately the $n$-th term is bigger than $\frac{1}{n+2}$, so we have divergence. – André Nicolas Nov 19 '14 at 1:08
• Yes I got it equal to 1 with the ratio test, unfortunately. – Overclock Nov 19 '14 at 1:09

Notice that the summand is $$\frac{1}{\sqrt{(n + 1)(n + 2)}}.$$
Then, notice that $$\frac{1}{\sqrt{(n + 1)(n + 2)}} > \frac{1}{\sqrt{(n + 2)(n + 2)}} = \frac{1}{n + 2}.$$
• Well, the sequence of terms converges to $0$. But the original series is $\sum_{n = 1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{\sqrt{(n + 1) (n + 2)}}$, which is bounded below by the (divergent) series $\sum_{n = 1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{n + 2}$, and so the original series diverges. – Travis Nov 19 '14 at 1:21
Hint: $\dfrac{1}{\sqrt{(n+1)(n+2)}} \geq \dfrac{1}{n+2}$
• @user2485710 $$\frac1{\sqrt{(n+1)(n+2)}}\ge\frac1{\sqrt{(n+2)(n+2)}}=\frac1{n+2}$$ The $\ge$ is justified because we are increasing the denominator, which can only make it smaller – Justin Nov 19 '14 at 3:50