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$$7^{3x+1}=5^x$$

I am trying to solve this equation. I solved the equation and got what I believe to be the correct answer, but when I verify the answer it appears to be incorrect. Any idea why? Here is my work thus far:

$$7^{3x+1}=5^x$$

$$3x\log7 + 1\log7 = x\log5$$

$$3x\log7-x\log5 = -\log7$$

$$x = -\frac{\log7}{3\log7-\log5}$$

$$x = -0.460$$

When I make $x = -0.46$ in the original equation, the equation is not satisfied. Am I solving incorrectly or verifying incorrectly?

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  • $\begingroup$ If anyone wants to edit the equations for me, please do so.. I'm not sure how. $\endgroup$ – McB Nov 18 '14 at 16:04
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    $\begingroup$ Looks right. Double check your verification step! $\endgroup$ – Simon S Nov 18 '14 at 16:07
  • $\begingroup$ Okay, I double-checked the verification and got 0.476951 = 0.477378.. Is this close enough, since my answer was only to two decimal places? $\endgroup$ – McB Nov 18 '14 at 16:08
  • $\begingroup$ Right. Lose decimal places and you shouldn't expect the equality to be exact anymore. $\endgroup$ – Simon S Nov 18 '14 at 16:15
  • $\begingroup$ Makes sense. Thanks. $\endgroup$ – McB Nov 18 '14 at 16:16
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-0,46 is an approximation of the final result you found with logarithms. If you want to replace x in your initial equation, do it with the exact form, not with the approximate value.

By the way, both results are correct, this result should solve the equation.

-0,46 is an approximation, used for you to understand what's approximately the value of your number. It doesn't mathematically solve your equation.

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  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for the help. Makes sense now. $\endgroup$ – McB Nov 18 '14 at 16:11
  • $\begingroup$ You're most welcome $\endgroup$ – Chirac Nov 18 '14 at 16:12
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enter image description hereit seems you get it right $$ 7^{3x+1}=5^{x}\\log(7^{3x+1})=log(5^{x})\\(3x+1)log7 =xlog 5\\x(3log7 -log 5)=-log7\\x=\frac{-log7}{3log7 -log 5}\\=\frac{-log7}{log7^{3} -log 5}$$

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  • $\begingroup$ I appreciate the graph, never thought to verify that way. Thanks. $\endgroup$ – McB Nov 18 '14 at 16:13

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