I have a sparse matrix such as

A =

   (1,1)        1
   (3,1)        1
   (1,2)        1
   (2,2)        1
   (1,3)        1
   (3,3)        1
   (4,3)        1
   (4,4)        1

The full matrix of A can see look like as following:

full(A) =

     1     1     1     0
     0     1     0     0
     1     0     1     0
     0     0     1     1

I want to find the rank of matrix A by fast way(because my matrix can extend to 10000 x 20000). I try to do it by two ways but it give the different result

  1. Convert to full matrix and find rank using

    rank(full(A)) = 3
  2. Find the rank using sprank

    sprank(A) = 4

The true answer must be 3 that means using first way. However, it take long time to find the rank,especially matrix with large size. I know the reason why the second way give 4 because sprank only tells you how many rows/columns of your matrix have non-zero elements, while rank is reporting the actual rank of the matrix which indicates how many rows of your matrix are linearly independent. sprank(A) is 4 but rank(A) is only 3 because you can write the third row as a linear combination of the other rows, specifically A(2,:) - A(1,:).

My problem is that how to find the rank of a sparse matrix with lowest time consumption

Update: I tried to use some way. However, it reported larger time consumption comparison with rank function. Could you suggest to me other way?

%% Create random matrix
 G = sparse(randi(2,1000,1000))-1;
 A=sparse(G) %% Because my input matrix is sparse matrix
 %% Measure performance
>> tic; rank(full(A)); toc
Elapsed time is 0.710750 seconds.
>> tic; svds(A); toc
Elapsed time is 1.130674 seconds.
>> tic; eigs(A); toc
Warning: Only 3 of the 6 requested eigenvalues converged. 
> In eigs>processEUPDinfo at 1472
  In eigs at 365
Elapsed time is 4.894653 seconds.
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ A better venue would be Computational Science SE for this kind of question. Anything you can add describing the special nature of your data (the examples involve only zeros and ones) would be helpful. $\endgroup$ – hardmath Nov 17 '14 at 2:02
  • $\begingroup$ Perhaps you can use svds, but it'd probably only be helpful if your matrix is a pretty low rank. $\endgroup$ – AnonSubmitter85 Nov 17 '14 at 17:58

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