Say I was trying to calculate the taylor expansion of $\sin(x^2)$ around $x = 0$.
I could assume that $u = x^2$ and solve for taylor expansion around $x=0$ of $\sin(u)$. I would just need to substitute $x^2$ back in for $u$ when I am completed.
I have been informed that this process of substitution works only for the maclaurin series and not for any taylor series centered about a non-zero point? Why is this the case? Why is substitution even allowed in the first place?