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 Jan16 reviewed Looks OK Integration Techniques - Adding [arbitrary] values to the numerator. Jan16 reviewed Approve Card game question Dec16 comment Determine the number of revolutions the normal to a curve makes as it moves along a curve in three dimensions? That is correct, which is why I claimed your question is not well-defined! It only becomes so once you fix a pair of points on the sphere once and for all. Dec6 comment If $X$ is independent of $Z$ and $Y$ is dependent with $Z$ is it possible for $X + Y$ to be independent of $Z$? @Did Thank you for pointing that out! Dec6 comment If $X$ is independent of $Z$ and $Y$ is dependent with $Z$ is it possible for $X + Y$ to be independent of $Z$? If $X+Y$ is independent of $Z$ and $X$ is independent of $Z$, then $(X+Y)-X = Y$ must also be independent of $Z$. Dec6 comment Determine the number of revolutions the normal to a curve makes as it moves along a curve in three dimensions? You can make this question well-defined by first restricting to curves whose normals are never zero, allowing you to define a unit normal everywhere, and assuming this unit normal is a continuous map into the unit sphere. Select two points on the unit sphere not in the image of that map. Use (say) a stereographic projection based at one of them to project the curve into the plane. Define the number of "revolutions" to be the winding number of the (projected) unit normal around the second point. Dec6 comment Mapping CDF's to each other The result is false for discrete distributions. A simple example is given by two Bernoulli variables with parameters $p$ and $p'$ such that $p\ne p'$ and $p\ne 1-p'$. Oct25 comment How do you calculate an upper-confidence bound on a problem with 2 means? That's right--and leave out the left endpoint of the interval altogether. Oct25 comment How do you calculate an upper-confidence bound on a problem with 2 means? This is a nice exposition but it addresses a slightly different problem: the question asks for a UCL of the mean, not a symmetric CI for the mean. Oct24 comment Bound of Standard Normal Integral The upper bound given by $1/\sqrt{2\pi}$ for $-1\lt z\lt 1$ and $(1/\sqrt{2\pi})|z|\exp(-z^2/2)$ otherwise is easy to integrate explicitly. Oct15 comment Prove that a polygon with nonnegative area is determined by at least three points. @Sawarnik I wasn't claiming the question concerns anything other than Euclidean geometry. Pointing out that this statement is wrong in other geometries demonstrates the logical necessity of invoking some axiom that is enjoyed by Euclidean geometry. Aug30 comment Name for this matrix operation? Because there are many ways to describe this operation (outer products, tensor products, etc), and it's really about a purely mathematical question, I think the math community may (a) have more interest in it and (b) be able to provide a broad and insightful collection of useful answers. Aug25 awarded Yearling Jun19 comment Bottom to top explanation of the Mahanalobis distance? Cross-posted at stats.stackexchange.com/questions/62092/…. May17 awarded Constituent May14 comment Prove that a polygon with nonnegative area is determined by at least three points. But there's still something to show, because there exist two-point polygons on the sphere having nonzero area. May13 awarded Caucus May9 comment best fraction algorithm This sounds like a pure algorithmic/math question. Did you really intend to ask it on a Mathematica site? If so, please clarify how you expect to use Mathematica for the solution. Apr9 comment Probability for a regular matrix "Isomorphism" in what category? As a linear transformation of $\mathbb{Z}^k$ or as a linear transformation of $\mathbb{C}^k$, perhaps? (The answers differ--a lot.) Or maybe as a linear transformation of $\mathbb{F}_p^k$? Apr3 comment Recursive/Fibonacci Induction This is carried out at mathematica.stackexchange.com/questions/18481/… for Fibonacci numbers defined over any field (whose characteristic is not $5$ or $2$).