The word permutation has several possible meanings, based on context. In combinatorics, a permutation is generally taken to be a sequence containing every element from a finite set exactly once. Permutations of a finite set can be thought of as exactly the ways in which the elements of the set can be ordered.
In group theory, a permutation of a (not necessarily finite) set $S$ is a bijection $\sigma : S \to S$. The set of all permutations of $S$ forms a group under composition, called the symmetric group on $S$.