About

The hyperbolic functions are analogs of the usual trigonometric functions; we may define such functions as the hyperbolic sine

$$\sinh{x} = \frac{e^x - e^{-x}}{2}$$

and the hyperbolic cosine

$$\cosh{x} = \frac{e^x + e^{-x}}{2}$$

as well as the hyperbolic tangent

$$\tanh{x} = \frac{\sinh{x}}{\cosh{x}}$$

Just as the point $(\cos{t}, \sin{t})$ describes a point on the unit circle $x^2 + y^2 = 1$, the point $(\cosh{t}, \sinh{t})$ defines a point on the unit hyperbola $x^2 - y^2 = 1$.

Reference: Hyperbolic function.

history | show excerpt | excerpt history