The compactness tag is for questions about compactness and its many variants (e.g. sequential compactness, countable compactness) as well locally compact spaces; compactifications (e.g. one-point, Stone-Čech) and other topics closely related to compactness.
Compactness is a topological property. We say that a topological space $X$ is compact if whenever we cover $X$ by a collection of open sets we can find a finite number of open sets from the collection which cover $X$.