All Questions

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A slightly problematic integral $\int{1/(x^4+1)^{1/4}} \, \mathrm{d}x$

Question. To find the integral of- $$\int{1/(x^4+1)^{1/4}} \, \mathrm{d}x$$ I have tried substituting $x^4+1$ as $t$, and as $t^4$, but it gives me an even more complex integral. Any help?
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what is the ordered triple of postive Integers, ABC = 2104000 [on hold]

What is the ordered triple of positive integers (a,b,c) satisfy abc = 2104000 Sorry but I do not know anything about this problem.
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Are cyclotomic polynomials irreducible modulo a prime?

I am actually interested on cyclotomic polynomials of the form $x^n+1$ (i.e. $n$ is a power of 2, for large $n$). Are these polynomials irreducible modulo a prime $q$? I already saw that $X^2+1$ is ...
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How many five-digit numbers are there that have number 4 as at least one digit?

How many five-digit numbers are there that have number 4 as at least one digit? How to do this? I don't know how to start.
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Why is the complex plane shaped like it is?

It's always taken for granted that the real number line is perpendicular to multiples of $i$, but why is that? Why isn't $i$ just at some non-90 degree angle to the real number line? Could someome ...
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Dependence of algebraic elements in a finite field

Lets work over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$ for a prime $p$. Consider a monic irreducible polynomial $f(X)=X^3+aX^2+bX+c$ in $\mathbb{F}_p[X]$. Let $x$ be a root of $f(x)=0$ (say, in the closure of ...
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Regarding pedigrees

Here's a errrhmm.... a modelling problem. Applied math. Or something. We're given pair of sets $X,Y$ (for notational simplicity, assumed disjoint). Let $T_{X,Y}$ denote the following disjoint union:...
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Nonlinear first-order differential equation with periodic bounded solution

Let $f:\mathbb R\times \mathbb R\longrightarrow\mathbb R$ be a $C^1$ function, periodic in the first variable, and such that $f(t,1)\leq > 0\leq f(t,0)$ for all $t$. Consider the ...
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Example of a set and monotone class where monotone class is not a $\sigma$-algebra?

What is an example of a set $X$ and a monotone class $\mathcal{M}$ consisting of subsets of $X$ such that $\emptyset \in \mathcal{M}$, $X \in \mathcal{M}$, but $\mathcal{M}$ is not a $\sigma$-algebra?
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Construction of Lebesgue measure in Rudin's RCA book

This theorem from Rudin's RCA book. Here's one moment from it's proof which seems to me very weird. Rudin states that equality $\lambda(E)=m(E)$ holds for all Borel sets. But I think that it's ...
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Is there a concept of |x|<0?

I'm just curious, did any of the famous mathematicians consider |x|<0? Would the zero have to be then not the additive identity and what else would it be then? (assuming you could build a field ...
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Is $\pi^1:C_c(G)\rightarrow \operatorname{End}(H)$ a homomorphism of the convolution algebra when $G$ is not unimodular?

Let $G$ be a Hausdorff locally compact group and $H$ a Banach space. Let $\pi:G\rightarrow \operatorname{GL}(H)$ be a representation and define $$\pi^1(\phi)v = \int_G\phi(x)\pi(x)vdx$$ for $v\in H$ ...
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What is the derivative of $x!^{x!^{x!^{x!^{x!^{x!^{x!^{.{^{.^{.}}}}}}}}}}$

What is the derivative of $$x!^{x!^{x!^{x!^{x!^{x!^{x!^{.{^{.^{.}}}}}}}}}}$$ My effort: Let $$g(x)=x!^{x!^{x!^{x!^{x!^{x!^{x!^{.{^{.^{.}}}}}}}}}}\implies g(x)=x!^{g(x)}$$ Taking natrual log on ...