Questions on the various generalizations of the zeta function of Riemann. Consider using the tag (riemann-zeta) instead if your question is specifically about Riemann's function.

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56
votes
3answers
4k views

Evaluate $\int_0^1 \frac{\log \left( 1+x^{2+\sqrt{3}}\right)}{1+x}\mathrm dx$

I am trying to find a closed form for $$\int_0^1 \frac{\log \left( 1+x^{2+\sqrt{3}}\right)}{1+x}\mathrm dx = 0.094561677526995723016 \cdots$$ It seems that the answer is $$\frac{\pi^2}{12}\left( ...
33
votes
5answers
2k views

Does $\zeta(3)$ have a connection with $\pi$?

The problem Can be $\zeta(3)$ written as $\alpha\pi^\beta$, where ($\alpha,\beta \in \mathbb{C}$), $\beta \ne 0$ and $\alpha$ doesn't depend of $\pi$ (like $\sqrt2$, for example)? Details Several ...
29
votes
0answers
529 views

Gross-Zagier formulae outside of number theory

(Edit: I have asked this question on MO.) The Gross-Zagier formula and various variations of it form the starting point in most of the existing results towards the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer ...
23
votes
3answers
467 views

$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{H_n}{n^2 2^n}=\zeta(3)-\frac{1}{2}\log(2)\zeta(2)$

How can I prove that $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{H_n}{n^2 2^n}=\zeta(3)-\frac{1}{2}\log(2)\zeta(2).$$ Can anyone help me please?
22
votes
0answers
669 views

The log gamma integral $\int_{0}^{z} \log \Gamma (x) \ \mathrm dx$

One way to evaluate $ \displaystyle\int_{0}^{z} \log \Gamma(x) \ \mathrm dx $ is in terms of the Barnes G-function. $$ \int_{0}^{z} \log \Gamma(x) \ \mathrm dx = \frac{z}{2} \log (2 \pi) + ...
17
votes
3answers
710 views

A Geometric Proof of $\zeta(2)=\frac{\pi^2}6$? (and other integer inputs for the Zeta)

Is there a known geometric proof for this famous problem? $$\zeta(2)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty n^{-2}=\frac16\pi^2$$ Moreover we can consider possibilities of geometric proofs of the following identity for ...
16
votes
2answers
454 views

Simpler zeta zeros

Is it true that $$\lim_{y\rightarrow\infty}\dfrac{\sum_{n=1}^{y}n^{-1/2-iy}}{\zeta(1/2+iy)}=1$$ ? Below is a plot of $$\sum_{n=1}^{y}\dfrac{1}{n^{s}}\text{for }s=\dfrac{1}{2}+iy$$ set against its ...
15
votes
5answers
277 views

Evaluating $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\frac{\sin\left(k\theta\right)}{k^{2u+1}}$ with multiple integrals

I am trying to evaluate $$\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\frac{\sin\left(k\theta\right)}{k^{2u+1}}\tag{$u\in\mathbb{N}$}$$ using some results I've got. I know that ...
15
votes
1answer
372 views

What is the binomial sum $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n^5\,\binom {2n}n}$ in terms of zeta functions?

We have the following evaluations: $$\begin{aligned} &\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n\,\binom {2n}n} = \frac{\pi}{3\sqrt{3}}\\ &\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n^2\,\binom {2n}n} = ...
14
votes
1answer
310 views

What is a zeta function?

In my readings, I've come across a wide variety of objects called zeta functions. For example, the Ihara zeta function, Igusa local zeta function, Hasse-Weil zeta function, etc. My question is simple: ...
12
votes
1answer
187 views

Analytic continuation of Dirichlet function

Suppose $\{a_n\}$ is a sequence of complex numbers such that the sums $A_n=a_1+\cdots+a_n$ satisfy $$|A_n-nb|\leq Cn^{\sigma}$$ for all $n$, where $b\in\mathbb{C},C>0,0\leq\sigma<1$. Prove that ...
11
votes
2answers
617 views

Why do mathematicians care so much about zeta functions?

Why is it that so many people care so much about zeta functions? Why do people write books and books specifically about the theory of Riemann Zeta functions? What is its purpose? Is it just to ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

Factorial of infinity

So, I've read in this article that: $$\zeta'(0) = \log\sqrt\frac{1}{2\pi}$$ And that: $$e^{-\zeta'(0)} = 1\cdot2\cdot3\cdot\ldots\cdot\infty = \infty! = \sqrt{2\pi}$$ I found this result very ...
11
votes
1answer
303 views

Regularizing divergent series and Bernoulli numbers

Here is the actual problem I need a proof for: (I made an error writing down the equation initially) $$B_{k+1} = \frac{(-1)^k}{2^{k+2}-2} \sum_{q=0}^{k} \binom{k+1}{q} 2^q B_q$$ Below is my ...
10
votes
2answers
510 views

How to find $\zeta(0)=\frac{-1}{2}$ by definition?

I would like to know how we can find the following result: $$\zeta(0)=-\frac12$$ Is there a way, using the definition, $$\zeta(s)=\sum_{i=1}^{\infty}i^{-s}$$ to find this?
10
votes
2answers
235 views

Proving a formula related with zeta function

Could you show me how to prove the following formula?$$\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{\zeta (2n)}{2n(2n+1)2^{2n}}=\frac12\left(\log \pi-1\right).$$ In the 18th century, Leonhard Euler proved the following ...
10
votes
1answer
299 views

What are the branches of the $p$-adic zeta function?

I'm reading the book $p$-adic Numbers, $p$-adic Analysis, and Zeta-Functions by Neal Koblitz. In it, Koblitz wants to iterpolate the Riemann Zeta function for the values $\zeta_p(1-k)$ with $k \in ...
9
votes
2answers
196 views

Why does $\gamma=\lim_{s\to1^+}\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\left(\frac{1}{n^s}-\frac{1}{s^n}\right)=\lim_{s\to0}\frac{\zeta(1+s)+\zeta(1-s)}{2}$?

To be clear, I'm having trouble with proving both equalities, and would appreciate a hint. I'm also not sure why $1^+$ must be used as opposed to $1^-$. I'm not sure about the definition of $\zeta(x), ...
9
votes
1answer
208 views

L-function for Dirichlet characters vs Hecke character

For a Dirichlet character $\chi: \left(\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}\right)^{\times} \to \mathbb{C}$, the Dirichlet L function is $$\prod_{q \neq p} (1 - \chi(q)q^{-s})^{-1}$$ If we lift this character to ...
9
votes
0answers
202 views

Is this similarity just a coincidence?

Here is the function $-1/x$: If we add infinitely many similar functions with a shift of pi/2 each in both directions, we get $\tan x$. But if we do the same only in one direction, we get ...
8
votes
3answers
331 views

Sum related to zeta function

I was trying to evaluate the following sum: $$\sum_{k=0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(3k+1)^3}$$ W|A gives a nice closed form but I have zero idea about the steps involved to evaluate the sum. How to approach ...
8
votes
1answer
541 views

Apéry's constant ($\zeta(3)$) value

I tried to find some proofs about the Apéry's constant, but I didn't find any intuitive proof. Is this constant given by the "brutal force" summing of $1 + \frac{1}{2^3} + \frac{1}{3^3} + ...
8
votes
1answer
371 views

Why $p$-adically interpolate?

I'm studying $p$-adic analysis now and particularly $p$-adic interpolation; for example, constructions like $p$-adic $L$-functions (Kubota-Leopoldt style). I'm having some difficulty though, and I'd ...
8
votes
2answers
648 views

Approximation of Products of Truncated Prime $\zeta$ Functions

The problem arose, while I was looking at products of power prime zeta functions $$ P_x(ks)=\sum_{p\,\in\mathrm{\,primes}\leq x} p^{-ks}, $$ with $k\in \mathbb{N}$ and $s=it$ with real $t$. By using ...
8
votes
0answers
72 views

Question on the paper Donal F. Connon, “Some integrals involving the Stieltjes constants”

I'm reading Donal F. Connon, Some integrals involving the Stieltjes constants. It gives a definition of the generalized Stieltjes constants $\gamma_n(u)$ as coefficients in the Laurent series ...
8
votes
2answers
197 views

What is the sum of all complex integers?

In line with $$\zeta(-1)=-1/12$$ Could we, by considering $$f(s)=\sum_{a,b\in\mathbb Z,\;(a,b)\neq(0,0)}\frac{1}{(a+bi)^{s}}$$ Evaluate the sum of all complex integers?
8
votes
0answers
250 views

Why are minima of $(k \bmod 4)$-Prime $\zeta$ functions $|P_x(r,t)|$ more frequent for $\frac\pi2\leq t \leq \pi$?

I got these plots when I evaluate the sum of truncated $(k \bmod 4)$-Prime $\zeta$ function, i.e. $$ P_x(r,t)=P_{x;4,1}(-ir\cos t)+P_{x;4,3}(-ir\sin t)=\sum_{x\geq p\;\bmod\;4=3} p^{-ir\cos ...
8
votes
0answers
293 views

New generalization of Riemann Zeta?

I am interested in the following generalization of the Riemann Zeta function: $$ \zeta_M(s,c) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty \left(\frac{n^2}{c^2} + \frac{c^2}{n^2}\right)^{-s} $$ This is most closely related ...
7
votes
1answer
96 views

closed form of $\frac{(-\pi)^m\zeta(m,\frac{x}{\pi})+\pi^m\zeta(m,1-\frac{x}{\pi})}{(-1)^{m}\pi^{2m}}$

I know that following equality is true. $$\sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(x+n\pi)^m}=\frac{(-\pi)^m\zeta(m,\frac{x}{\pi})+\pi^m\zeta(m,1-\frac{x}{\pi})}{(-1)^{m}\pi^{2m}}$$ But can we find the ...
7
votes
3answers
408 views

Riemann Zeta function - number of zeros

I want to write a program that calculates the number of zeros (It is not necessary to identify them, just the number of them) between 0 and x for the Riemann Zeta function, being x the imaginary part ...
7
votes
2answers
105 views

Dirichlet Series for $\#\mathrm{groups}(n)$

What is known about the Dirichlet series given by $$\zeta(s)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{\#\mathrm{groups}(n)}{n^{s}}$$ where $\#\mathrm{groups}(n)$ is the number of isomorphism classes of finite ...
7
votes
1answer
435 views

Reference request: $L$-series and $\zeta$-functions

Does anyone know a good book, lecture note, article etc. on $L$-series (Dirichlet, Hecke, Artin) and $\zeta$-functions in number theory? I'm especially interested in material explaining the following: ...
7
votes
1answer
84 views

Integral involving hyperfactorial

I'm trying to prove that: $$ \int_0^1 \ln\left(K(x)\right)\space dx =-\zeta'(-1)=\ln(A)-\frac{1}{12} $$ Where $A$ is Glaisher Kinkelin's constant and $K(x)$ is a generalization of the hyperfactorial ...
7
votes
1answer
137 views

Calculating $\pi$ via the $\zeta$ function?

I was fooling around, trying to come up with a rapid way to compute $\pi$. Then I remembered that we always have: \begin{equation} \zeta(2n)=c\pi^{2n}, \end{equation} where $n$ is a positive integer ...
7
votes
1answer
216 views

Zeta functions of groups and an identity of Ramanujan

Zeta functions are being developed for all sorts of mathematical objects these days. One general situation is that of zeta functions of groups. If $G$ is a finitely generated group then we let ...
7
votes
0answers
122 views

Why use the Lefschetz Zeta function?

Given a compact, triangulable space $X$ and a continuous function $f: X\rightarrow X$, then we define the Lefschetz number $\Lambda_{f}$ by $$\Lambda_{f} = \sum_{k\geq0}(-1)^{k}Tr(f_{\ast}\vert ...
7
votes
0answers
138 views

Is it true that $\gamma_{\lfloor\log\Gamma(x)\rfloor}\sim 2\pi x$?

I realise that Gram points can approximate the imaginary part on the $x$th zeta zero $(\gamma_x)$ accurately, and indeed, Guilherme França, André LeClair give another formula, namely ...
7
votes
1answer
96 views

Volume of first cohomology of arithmetic complex

Let $K$ be a number field and consider the Arithmentic complex $\Gamma_{Ar}(1)^\bullet$ be defined by $$\begin{array} A\Bbb R^{r_1+r_2} & \stackrel{\Sigma}{\longrightarrow} & \Bbb R \\ ...
6
votes
1answer
95 views

Evaluation of $\int_{0}^{1} (1-x)^{-1/2} \ \ln^{2}(x) \ \ln^{2}(1-x) \ \mathrm{d}x$

Can the integral \begin{align} \int_{0}^{1} \frac {\ln^{2}(x)~\ln^{2}(1-x)}{\sqrt{1-x}}~\mathrm{d}x \end{align} be evaluated in terms of $\zeta(3)$ and $\ln(2/\mathrm{e})$ ?
6
votes
1answer
72 views

Evaluating limit $\lim_{m\to{\infty}}\frac{\sum_{k=1}^m\cot^{2n+1}(\frac{k\pi}{2m+1})}{m^{2n+1}}$

How can I prove the following equality? $$\lim_{m\to{\infty}}\frac{\displaystyle\sum_{k=1}^m\cot^{2n+1}\left(\frac{k\pi}{2m+1}\right)}{m^{2n+1}}=\frac{2^{2n+1}\zeta(2n+1)}{\pi^{2n+1}}$$
6
votes
1answer
223 views

On the Dirichlet beta function sum $\sum_{k=2}^\infty\Big[1-\beta(k) \Big]$

Given the Dirichlet beta function, $$\beta(k) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty\frac{(-1)^n}{(2n+1)^k}$$ (The cases k = 2 is Catalan's constant.) It seems, $$\sum_{k=2}^\infty\Big[1-\beta(k) \Big] = ...
6
votes
1answer
164 views

Serre's proof that zeta function is meromorphic

I try to understand the proof of Chap. VI, n° 3.1, Prop. 10 in Serre's "A course in arithmetic" (page 70). The goal is to prove that zeta-function can be written as \begin{align*} ...
5
votes
1answer
331 views

Getting my number theoretic series straight

There are Artin $L$-series and Dirichlet $L$-series, and zeta functions for varieties and for number fields; there are a slew of objects named after Hecke... There are also various kinds of characters ...
5
votes
1answer
81 views

Question about $ \int_{-1}^{0}\sum_{n=1}^{x}n^sdx=\zeta (-s) \forall s\in \Bbb N$

what I found from messing around was $$ \int_{-1}^{0}\sum_{n=1}^{x}n^sdx=\zeta (-s) $$ $$ s\in \mathbb{N} $$ when the partial sum is changed to an equivalent polynomial using Faulhaber's formula. ...
5
votes
1answer
322 views

Square-free zeta function zeros

It is a well known fact that the geometric series $$1+x+x^2+x^3+\ldots$$ has the following form $$\frac{1}{1-x}$$ Another possible representation is $$\prod_{k=0}^{\infty}\left(1+x^{2^{k}}\right)$$ ...
5
votes
2answers
129 views

Looking for explanation of bound on Dirichlet's L-Function

I am reading Stein and Shakarchi's Fourier Analysis text and the proof Dirichlet's theorem and I am looking for clarification on how he derives the following for large $s$, $\lim_{s\to\infty}$ and ...
5
votes
1answer
78 views

Where are the zeros of $\prod\limits_p (1-(p-1)^z)$?

Define $f(z)$ as the analytic continuation of $\prod\limits_p (1-(p-1)^z)$ where $z$ is complex and the product is over the odd primes $p$. Where are the zeros ($f(z)=0$) of this function ?
5
votes
1answer
165 views

Zeta-like function with offset

Is there a known function of the form: $$\zeta(s,a) = \displaystyle\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{1}{n^s+a},$$ and if so what is its name?
5
votes
2answers
191 views

Lerch-$\small \zeta(\varphi,0,-n)$ of integer *n* purely real and imaginary ($\small \zeta_\varphi (-n)^2 $ is real) for $\small n \ge 2$?

Are the Lerch-$\zeta(\varphi,0,-n) $ of integer n (for shortness I use the notation of my earlier question $\small \zeta_\varphi(-n)$) periodically purely real and imaginary: $\zeta_\varphi (-n)^2 $ ...
5
votes
1answer
84 views

Log Log Integrals II

The integral \begin{align} I_{4} = \int_{0}^{1} \ln(1-x) \ \ln^{2}\left( \ln\left(\frac{1}{x}\right) \right) \ \frac{dx}{x} \end{align} can be expressed as \begin{align} I_{4} = \zeta^{''}(2) - ...