Tagged Questions

For question about weak derivatives, a notion which extends the classical notion of derivative and allows us to consider derivatives of distributions rather than functions.

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0
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1answer
11 views

Weak derivative as an L2 limit of the difference quotient

Let $u \in H^1(\mathbb{R})$. Show that $$\left\| \frac{u(x+h)-u(x)}{h} - u' \right\|_2 \to 0\quad \text{ as } h \to 0, $$ where $u' \in L^2(\mathbb{R})$ is the weak derivative of $u$. In other words, ...
0
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0answers
28 views

How can i prove that this function doesn't have a second weak derivative?

I'm trying to determine what weak derivatives the function $$ f(x)=\begin{cases} x&\mbox{if }0<x<1,\\ 1&\mbox{if }1\leq x<2, \end{cases} $$ has. I already managed to prove that it ...
0
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0answers
8 views

Integrable pointwise derivative of integrable continuous function is weak derivative

Let $f:[0,T] \to \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function, with pointwise derivative $f'$, which may not be continuous. Suppose $f$ and $f'$ are integrable. How do I show that $f'$ is the weak derivative ...
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0answers
18 views

Does existence and uniqueness of a classical solution impose uniqueness of weak solutions to a pde?

I wonder if one knows that there exists a unique classical solution of a pde (for instance: Fokker-Planck equation), is one able to conclude that there isn't any weak solution of the pde, which ...
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0answers
9 views

Examples on Weak derivatives and Sobolev Spaces

I know that $u(x)=\log\log(1+|x|^{-1})$ is unbounded function.But how to show that $u$ $\epsilon$ ${W^{1,n}(B(0,1))}$ for $n\geq1.$ I know that the weak derivatives $D_{j}u$ for ...
0
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0answers
27 views

dense subspace of $C(0,T)$

I want to prove that the space H of functions which are continuous in [0,T] with weak derivative in $L^2[0,T]$ and their value in 0 is 0, is dense in the space of continuous functions in [0,T] with ...
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2answers
57 views

Sobolev space on union of two open sets

Let $\Omega_1,\Omega_2 \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open sets. Let $p \in [1,\infty]$. Let $u: \Omega_1 \cup \Omega_2 \to \mathbb{R}$ be a function such that $u|_{\Omega_1} \in W^{1,p}(\Omega_1)$ and ...
1
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1answer
31 views

Weak star convergence leads to weak convergence of derivative?

Let $u_\epsilon \in W^{1,p}(\Omega)$ be a sequence with $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ bounded. Let $u_\epsilon \rightharpoonup^* u$ weakly* in $L^\infty (\Omega)$ (for a subsequence) with $u \in ...
0
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0answers
13 views

Solve a PDE in the distribution sense.

I want to solve (in the distribution sense) this equation: $ x^{2} u= \delta_{0}$. I tried to use the variational form to deduce u but I get stuck. Can someone help? thanks.
1
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1answer
23 views

Is it a Sobolev function?

Let $U=(-1,1)\times(-1,1)$. Define $$ u(x)=\begin{cases}1-x_1 \;\;\text{if}\;\;x_1>0,|x_2|<x_1 \\1+x_1\;\;\text{if}\;\;x_1<0, ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Weak derivative zero implies constant function

Let $u\in W^{1,p}(U)$ such that $Du=0$ a.e. on $U$. I have to prove that $u$ is constant a.e. on $U$. Take $(\rho_{\varepsilon})_{\varepsilon>0}$ mollifiers. I know that ...
1
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0answers
21 views

A derivative identity, for any multi-index.

I'm trying to prove by induction on the multi-index $\alpha$, that, $$\sum\limits_{j=\frac{|\alpha|}{2}}^{|\alpha|}\sum\limits_{|\beta|=2j-|\alpha|}c_{\beta}x^{\alpha}[m_z(x)]^{j+1}=D^{\alpha}m_z(x)$$ ...
1
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1answer
49 views

If $f$ is differentiable everywhere, is $f'$ the weak derivative?

Let $f \in C^0([0,T])$ be such that $f'$ exists in the classical sense everywhere, but $f'$ may not be continuous. Is it true that $f'$ is the weak derivative of $f$ too, if it exists? I know this is ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Weak derivatives equals zero

Im just learning sobovel space, I was wondering if the weak derivate holds similar things of the original derivate. Let $U\subset \mathbb{R^n}$ is a open set, and $u\in W^{1,p}$ if $$Du=0 \ \ a.e$$ ...
0
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1answer
23 views

Is $H^{1}(R;H^1(R^n))=H^1(R^{n+1})$?

Is $H^{1}(R;H^1(R^n))=H^1(R^{n+1})$, where $H^1(R;H^1(R^n))=\{f\colon R\to H^1(R^n)\colon \int \|f(t,\cdot)\|_{H^1}^2\,dt <\infty \quad \text{and} \int \|f'(t,\cdot)\|_{H^1}^2\,dt <\infty \}$ ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

A weak derivative of a function of two variable which depends only on one variable

Assume that $f: \mathbb R^2 \rightarrow \mathbb R$ is locally integrable and has a locally integrable weak patrial derivative $\partial_1 f.$ Let moreover $f$ depends only on the first variable: ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Properties of weak derivatives in Sobolev spaces

In PDE Evans 2nd edition, pages 261-263, there is a theorem and its proof which concerns the four properties of weak derivatives. Unfortunately, I do not understand the fourth property, which I will ...
0
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1answer
25 views

Find a weak derivative of this function

Let $B(0,1)$ be the open unit ball in Euclidean space $\mathbb R^2$ and $(a_n)_{n=1}^\infty$ be a dense subset of $B(0,1)$. I wish to show for fixed $s\in (0,1)$ the function $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Weak Derivative Heaviside function

I have to prove that the Heaviside function $$ H(x):=\begin{cases} 1 &\mbox{if } x \in [0,+\infty) \\ 0 &\mbox{otherwise}\end{cases} $$ doesn't admit weak derivative in ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

If $u \in L^2(0,T;H^1)$ has a distributional derivative $u' \in L^2(0,T;H^{-1})$, does $(u^+)' \in L^2(0,T;H^{-1})$ make sense?

If $u \in L^2(0,T;H^1)$ has a distributional derivative $u' \in L^2(0,T;H^{-1})$, does $(u^+)' \in L^2(0,T;H^{-1})$ exist, i.e., is $u^+$ weakly differentiable in time? By $u^+$ I mean the positive ...
2
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1answer
50 views

Want to show $\lim_{\epsilon \to 0}\frac{1}{\epsilon} \int_0^T \langle u_t(t), T_\epsilon(u(t)) \rangle = \int_\Omega |u(T)| - \int_\Omega |u(0)|$

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a bounded domain and let $u \in L^2(0,T;H^1(\Omega))$ with $u_t \in L^2(0,T;H^{-1}(\Omega))$. Define the truncation function$$T_\epsilon(x) = \begin{cases} ...
1
vote
2answers
100 views

Inverse Laplace operator $\Delta^{-1}$ and Sobolev spaces

I'm looking for some regularity results for the inverse Laplace operator. More precisely - we're set in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and we are looking at the operator $$ \Delta^{-1}f = \frac{x}{|x|^3} \ast f$$ I'd ...
0
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1answer
54 views

negative Sobolev space contains $L^1$ for a compact domain

I'd like to use something like Aubin-Lions lemma for the following spaces: $$ C^{0, \alpha}(B) \subset L^1(B) \subset W^{-1, q}(B),$$ with $B \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ being a compact, say a closed ball ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Heaviside function has no weak derivative on $(-1, 1)$

I want to proof that the Heaviside function $$H(x) = \begin{cases} 1 & \text{if }x >0\\ 0 &\text{if }x\leq 0\end{cases}$$ has no weak derivative on $(-1,1)$. If I assume it has a weak ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

If $u \in L^2(0,T;L^2)$ and $u' \in L^2(0,T;H^{-1})$, is $u \in C^0([0,T];V)$ for some space $V$?

If $u \in L^2(0,T;L^2)$ has weak derivative $u' \in L^2(0,T;H^{-1})$, is $u \in C^0([0,T];V)$ for some Banach space $V$? For what $V$ Lebesgue spaces does this hold? I cannot find any results.
0
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0answers
19 views

If $v_i \in L^2(0,T;H^1)$ with $v_i' \in L^2(0,T;H^{-1})$, what can we say about $w(t) = \int_s^t (v_1-v_2)(\tau)\;d\tau$?

If $v_i \in L^2(0,T;H^1)$ with $v_i' \in L^2(0,T;H^{-1})$, what can we say about $w(t) = \int_s^t (v_1-v_2)(\tau)\;d\tau$? Is $w$ also of the same regularity? Heuristically, I thought: let $V_i$ be ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

Sobolev spaces in one-dimensional vs multidimensional

Here in Wikipedia, it is said that in the one-dimensional case, it is enough to assume that the $(k-1)$-th derivative of the function $f$, is differentiable almost everywhere and is equal almost ...
0
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1answer
31 views

Does weakly differentiable and $L^{\infty}$ imply continuity

Suppose $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ is open, connected and bounded. Is $$W^{1,1}(\Omega)\cap L^{\infty}(\Omega) \subset C(\bar{\Omega})?$$ Here $W^{1,1}$ denotes the space of all weakly ...
2
votes
3answers
91 views

Is a function in $L^2$ which second derivative is in $L^2$ in $H^2$?

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary. Assume that $f\in L^2(\Omega)$ and $f^{\prime\prime}\in L^2(\Omega)$. Does one have $f\in H^2(\Omega)$? Useless comments: ...
3
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0answers
114 views

Differentiation of norm in Banach space (explanation of text needed)

Let $Y$ be uniformly smooth Banach space. Consider the convex $C^1$ functional $\Phi:Y \to \mathbb{R}$ defined $$\Phi(y) = \frac{1}{q}\Vert y \Vert^q_{Y}.$$ Its derivative $\varphi:Y \to Y'$ is a ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Example of weak derivative on multivariable function

In order to explain about the concept of weak derivatives, I plan to give examples on them. I already manage one example for the single-variable case, but I think it would be better if I can provide ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Chain rule for weak derivatives of $f(u)$ where $f'$ is not bounded but $u$ is?

Let $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be $C^1$. Suppose $u$ has a weak derivative $u_x$. I want the chain rule $$\partial_x (f(u)) = f'(u)u_x$$ to hold. We know this holds if $f'$ is bounded. But I don't ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Finite Element Method Weak Formulation

I have a question about the weak formulation of a PDE in finite element analysis. Suppose we have the following two-dimensional PDE: $$ \Delta \cdot u(x,y) = q(x,y) $$ where $q$ is given, $u$ is ...
1
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0answers
25 views

Weak stochastic integral

I recently encountered the following object, referred to as "weak stochastic integral" in the book of SPDE's by Prévôt/Röckner [PR07]: $$ \int_0^T \langle \Psi \,\mathrm dW(t), \Phi(t)\rangle $$ A ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Notion for weak derivatives of $L^p(0,T,X)$-functions

A definition in Evan's PDE-book from chapter 5.9.2 says (let $X$ be a Banach space): Let $u\in L^1(0,T,X)$. We say $v\in L^1(0,T,X)$ is the weak derivative of $u$ provided $$\int_0^T \phi'(t)u(t)dt = ...
2
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2answers
59 views

Density in $H^1_0$

Let $\Omega = \mathbb{R}^2_+=\{(x,y)\in \mathbb{R}^2; y>0\}$ and let $v \in H^1_0(\Omega)$. For $h \neq 0$ we define $D_h v = \dfrac{v(x+h,y)-v(x,y)}{h}$ such as $\forall \varphi \in ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Sobolev space-exercice [closed]

Let $\Omega = \mathbb{R}^2_+$. My question is: how we prove that if $v \in H^2(\Omega)$ such as $v(x,0)=0$, then $\dfrac{\partial v}{\partial x} \in H^1_0(\Omega)$ ?
3
votes
1answer
66 views

How does integration over $\delta^{(n)}(x)$ work?

For a math paper I need to be able to evaluate $\int_{-a}^{a}\delta^{(n)}(x)\ f(x)\ dx$ for differentiable $f$. I know that it is 'supposed' to equal $(-1)^nf^{(n)}(0)$: $$\int_{-a}^a\delta^{(n)}(x)\ ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

How to interpret $\langle (f(u))', v \rangle = \langle f'(u)u', v \rangle$?

We know that if $u$ has a weak derivative $u'$, and if $f \in C^1$ with $f'$ bounded then $(f(u))'= f'(u)u'$. But how interpret the duality pairing $$\langle (f(u))', v \rangle = \langle f'(u)u', v ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Showing $\langle ((u-c)^+)', (u-c)^+ \rangle = \langle u', (u-c)^+ \rangle$

Let $u \in L^2(0,T;H^1)$ have weak derivative $u' \in L^2(0,T;H^{-1}).$ Let $c$ be a constant. I want to show that $$\langle ((u-c)^+)', (u-c)^+ \rangle = \langle u', (u-c)^+ \rangle$$ where $(f)^+ = ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

PDE weak solution , how could i prove it?

let be $ n \ge 3 $ and U a bounded set including the point $0 $ then i must show that a) the vector $ u= \frac{x}{|x|} $ belongs to $ H^{1}(U, R^{n})$ and it is an harmonic map into the sphere $ ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Establishing the n-th order weak derivative.

Consider $$AC^{n}:=\{f\in{AC}:f^{(k)}\in{AC}, 1\leq k \leq n-1\}$$ where $AC$ stands for the space of absolutely continuous functions. Now, let $f,g\in{L_{loc}^{1}(a,b)}$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Approximation of a function with a polynomial of degree n.

Let $f\in{L_{loc}^{1}}$ such that $\int_{a}^{b}{f(x)}{\phi}^{(n)}(x)dx=0$ for all $\phi\in{C_{0}^{\infty}}(a,b)$. Then how do we show there exists a polynomial $P(x)$ of degree less or equal to $n-1$ ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Weak Laplacian of $\|x\|^\alpha$

Let $\alpha> 0$ and consider the function $\|\mathbf x\|^\alpha = (x^2 + y^2)^{\frac{\alpha}{2}}$ defined on $\mathbb R^2$. I want to compute the Laplacian $\Delta (\|\mathbf x\|^\alpha)$ in the ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Weak derivative: Showing a function is equal to zero a.e.

I am very beginner in the theory of weak derivative. I am trying to fix the following problem: Suppose that $f\in{L_{loc}^{1}}$ and $\int_{a}^{b}f(x)\phi({x})dx=0$ for all $\phi\in{C_{0}^{\infty}}$ ...
5
votes
2answers
275 views

Questions about weak derivatives

There are two definitions of generalized differentiation that seem relevant to the context of PDEs. (That is we generalize what objects can be differentiated but we stay in Euclidean space. There are ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

some sobolev norm estimation

I would like to show this inequality. I need help to show this inequality Let $F(\Phi)=\left|\Phi\right|^{\alpha}\Phi$ with even integer $\alpha>0$. Let $k$ be a positive integer satisfying ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Does this function has weak derivatives?

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be a bounded "smooth" domain and $\Omega_\delta=\{x\in \Omega:\ d(x,\partial\Omega)<\delta\}$. Let $U_\delta$ denote the part of the boundary of $\Omega_\delta$ ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Basic Query On Sobolev Space

Okay, I am very new to the premise of Sobolev Spaces and there is one exercise here that's really grinding my gears. The premise is this- to what Sobolev spaces for each real number $\alpha$ does ...
7
votes
1answer
252 views

Justification of formal derivative

there I'm having the following problem and so far I didn't find anything in the literature on this. $\Phi\in C^1(\overline{\Omega}\times[0,1])$ with $\Phi'(x,0)=\Phi'(x,1)=\Phi(x,0)=0$ for every ...